Middle East

A hidden oasis resurfaces in southern Qatar 3,600 years later-Doha News

Researchers reveal a historic site dating back to the 3rd millennium BC, located south of Qatar.

An oasis 3600 years ago was discovered in Qatar by a team of scientists and researchers, revealing the potential of agriculture and sophisticated irrigation systems.

Among them PublicationInternational Society for Satellite Imagery and Remote Sensing Analysis (ISPRS) has revealed evidence of an oasis.McFear(Literally translated as “hidden”), and it occupies an area of ​​2 to 4 kilometers south of Qatar.

In a quest to find a source of groundwater in the eastern Arabian Peninsula, scientists who participated in a study funded by the United States Agency for International Development said the discovery of the contours of this archaeological site was stumbled upon by a complete chance. ..

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This discovery was made by researchers at the University of Southern California, Bitervi Institute of Technology and the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).

The purpose behind the decision to name the area McFear, It is due to its invisible makeup. The area was reportedly so hidden that it was only captured using advanced satellite radar.

The Press release “Independent radiocarbon dating of recovered charcoal samples suggests that the location is at least 3,650 years old,” the report said, and the region was in the same period as the Dilmun civilization. It stipulates that it goes back to. Millennium BC.

USC Arid Climate and Water Research Center

According to the survey, past residents of the area “had a high degree of understanding of how to use groundwater. This study also points to the significant need to study water and protect it from climate change in arid areas. doing.”

Behind the scenes

McFear It was discovered using L-band synthetic aperture radar images from the Japanese satellite ALOS1 and high-resolution radar images specially acquired by its successor, ALOS2.

According to the report, the identified area “could not be scanned from space, either by using ordinary satellite imaging tools or by surface observations of the Earth. A large underground rectangular plot of its shape. , It was determined that it needs to be artificial for the texture. Soil composition in contrast to the surrounding geological features. “

Essam Heddy, the lead author of the report, describes the almost inaccessible area as “a natural fortress surrounded by very rugged terrain.”

This discovery brings important historical and scientific implications to the current body of related research.

The oasis “is the first evidence of a sedentary community in the region, and probably evidence of advanced engineering during that period,” the report said.

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There are no walls or building debris, but evidence of such claims is in the soil of the area. The research article further states that “the characteristics of the soil at the site have a different surface texture and composition than the terrain that surrounds it. This is usually the disparity associated with planting and landscaping.” ..

Newly discovered sites reveal new insights into the lack of information about climate change in the region and how these outbreaks essentially affected human settlement and mobilization.

The existence of this historic settlement and its new perceptions are a stepping stone for researchers and can summarize the latest climate change that has occurred in the Eastern Arabian Peninsula.

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https://www.dohanews.co/hidden-oasis-resurfaces-after-3600-years-in-south-of-qatar/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=hidden-oasis-resurfaces-after-3600-years-in-south-of-qatar A hidden oasis resurfaces in southern Qatar 3,600 years later-Doha News

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