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Are Iran and the West about to finally reach a nuclear deal? | | News

Sources told Al Jazeera Arabia that a deal to restore the 2015 nuclear deal is nearing.

Tehran, Iran – Europe’s proposal to restore the 2015 nuclear deal between the West and Iran appears to be gaining momentum. Sources Revealing on Al Jazeera Arabic Details of the proposed agreement, showing broad agreement among all sides.

In addition to other signatories including China, Russia, France, Germany and the UK, officials in Tehran and Washington (the latter unilaterally abandoned the pact in 2018) have signed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). You can recover quickly.

It comes after several stalled and sometimes difficult months of negotiations.

What does a potential deal look like?

  • If an agreement is reached, the JCPOA will be reinstated in four phases over two 60-day periods, sources told Al Jazeera Arabic.
  • On Friday, Iranian and international media outlets released details of a potential deal that appeared to come from leaked audio files of a meeting with chief negotiator Ali Bagheri Khani.
  • About 150 Iranian financial institutions and 17 banks were removed from the sanctions list the day the deal was finalized, according to unconfirmed reports, prompting Iran to begin immediately but gradually scale back its nuclear progress. increase.
  • In addition, Iran will get two and a half years of guaranteed US sanctions relief while $7 billion worth of Iranian assets frozen by South Korea will be released. , as President Joe Biden promised to stay in the repaired deal.
  • CNN and others report that Iran waived its demand to remove the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) from the US “terrorist” list as part of the deal, instead agreeing to discuss the matter later.
  • According to unconfirmed reports, the terms of the agreement include moves by the signatories to cease unrestricted investigations into traces of man-made nuclear material found at multiple Iranian facilities in 2019 if Iran cooperates with the IAEA. It may contain a clause that stipulates that The investigation was Iran’s main request.

What happens after an agreement is reached?

  • The nuclear deal would impose severe restrictions on Iran’s nuclear program in exchange for the lifting of multilateral sanctions. If a deal is reached, Iran is expected to significantly roll back its nuclear progress and steer itself away from a nuclear bomb that Tehran says it is not aiming to acquire.
  • These sanctions have hit Iran’s economy hard, and many Iranians hope the country’s economic prospects will improve once the sanctions are lifted. However, after the nuclear deal was first signed in 2015, the Iranian public was largely optimistic that Iran would integrate into the world economy. This means that we do not necessarily expect big changes.
  • Even if the deal is restored, many restrictions, including some on uranium enrichment, are set to expire in 2025, meaning uncertainty could return again.

What has happened since the two sides last met?

  • rear Another round of indirect negotiations Brokered by the European Union and with the participation of other signatories in Vienna earlier this month, the block said what it distributed Branding the “Final Text”.
  • IRAN reviewed the text for a week and provided feedback by the 15 August deadline, saying expectations were not fully met. A deal could come soon If the United States responds positively.
  • Washington has yet to formally respond, saying it continues to be in touch with other parties, but reports suggest a response is expected soon.
  • Meanwhile, Qatar and Oman appear to be continuing to relay messages between Tehran and Washington.

What are the Iran and US priorities and what are the obstacles?

  • Officially, Iran says its top priority is to ensure that it can fully enjoy the economic benefits promised under the original agreement.
  • According to Iranian officials, this includes assurances that U.S. sanctions will be effectively lifted and the timeframe within which they can be verified.
  • The United States has said it wants to ensure Iran does not develop nuclear weapons through the resumption of full surveillance by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
  • Throughout negotiations, both sides have accused the other of demanding concessions beyond the scope of the original agreement.
  • Israel remains the biggest opponent of the deal, according to Axios, and Prime Minister Yair Lapid told the White House on Thursday to walk away from the negotiations.

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2022/8/20/are-iran-west-about-finally-agree-nuclear-deal-explainer Are Iran and the West about to finally reach a nuclear deal? | | News

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