Middle East

Assam CM, this is what Hyderabad would do without Nizam

Hyderabad: Nowadays, it is popular to attack everything related to Islam. As a result, our city, also founded by Muslims, has always been the target of attacks by Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leaders.

And joining the trend this time around was Assam’s Prime Minister Himanta Biswa Salma, who poisoned Islam at a public meeting and said the BJP would “end” the Nizam heritage from Owaishi and Hyderabad. He only knows what the prime minister meant.

While attacking the All India Majlis-Muslim Council (AIMIM) and its president Asaduddin Owaishi, everything is part of politics, and saying “end” Nizam from Hyderabad is the former ruler. Hyderabad-Decan (1724-1948) actually built a modern Hyderabad and became one of India’s most developed cities in the first half of the 20th century.

1. Railroad

Public transportation is one of the most important parts of modern cities. And the Indian Railways were the lifeline of travel for most people, especially the middle class and the poor. The first station in Hyderabad was born in the 1870s during the reign of the sixth monarch, Mahbub Ali Pasha (1869-1911).

Originally known as the Nizam Guarantee National Railways, it eventually became part of a much larger rail network connecting the Princely State and British Raj. Second La Bird Station was a major hub (still one of the main stations of the South Central Railway) until Kacheguda Station was finally built around 1916.

Archive image of Second La Bird Station. (Photo: MIT Dome)

2. Osmania University

The main contribution of Nizam to Hyderabad, especially the last one, Mir Osman Ali Khan (1911-1948), was in the form of Osmania University. Not only did it function as one of the oldest and best universities in Urdu, but it remained a place where many celebrities learned after independence.

The OU was born after Osman Ali Khan promulgated Firman (order) in 1917. Varsity initially functioned elsewhere, but Arts College, synonymous with OU, was finally built by Nizam in 1939. In addition, the Hyderabad state government Belgian architect Mushu Jasper designed OU’s Arts College!

Osmania University
File photo of the building of Arts College, which is said to be the face of Osmania University.

3. Osmania Hospital

Public health is one of the most important aspects of governance, and Hyderabad’s last Nizam Osman Ali Khan can gain full credibility by building a robust infrastructure for it. Both Osmania General Hospital and Unani Hospital (1929) were built at the same time during his reign and continue to serve the general public.

A petition has been launched on Change.org to stop the dismantling of OGH
Osmania General Hospital

In fact, Osmania General Hospital is still one of Hyderabad’s major public medical centers, visited by many poor people today.

4. Osman Sagar (Gandipet) and Himayat Sagar were built to prevent flooding in Hyderabad

In 1908, Hyderabad witnessed the most devastating flood in our recorded history. The city was devastated by the record of the worst natural disasters in history. The Musi River flood reportedly damaged more than 50,000 homes and killed more than 15,000.

Image of the city after the food devastation of the Musi River in 1908. (Photo: Siasat)

It took place during the reign of Mahbub Ali Khan, the sixth Nizam. Today, more than 100 millimeters of rain hit the city and are considered heavy. However, by 1908, the recorded rainfall approached a staggering 19-inch rainfall by September 29, 1908.

Mahbub Ali Pasha then asked one of India’s most famous engineers, M. Visweswaraya, to consider and propose measures to prevent flooding in Hyderabad. Visveswaraya eventually joined as a special consulting engineer for the Hyderabad State Government. However, the sixth Nizam died in 1911, after which one of his sons and the last Nizam Osman Ali Khan took over.

Ottoman Sagar 100 years ago remains dry despite continuous rainfall.Photo: Yunus Y. Lasania
Lake Ottoman Sagar 100 years ago near Hyderabad (file photo).Photo: Yunus Y. Lasania

Hyderabad’s modernization and flood control efforts have probably renewed the city’s infrastructure in a radical way since the city was founded by Mohammed Qutb Shah in 1591. He suggested storage to help Hyderabad escape the floods of the Musi River. A reservoir built to “temporarily flood all floods beyond what a river channel can carry”.

The two reservoirs or dams he proposed are actually Ottoman Sagar (known as Gandipetto Lake) and Himayat Sagar. The former work began in 1913 and was completed by 1918 at the expense of Rs. Then 58,40,000. Similarly, Himayat Sagar was commissioned in 1921 and was completed by 1926 at the expense of Rs. 91,70,000.

5. Hyderabad (now Telangana) High Court

Like other modern buildings, the High Court here was set up during the reign of Hyderabad’s seventh Nizammir Osman Ali Khan. Founded in 1919 by six judges, the number increased to twelve after the formation of Andhra Pradesh in 1956.

Seven judges of Telangana HC swear
Telangana High Court

The High Court here was designed by European architect Vincent Esch, as well as other buildings such as OGH and Unani Hospital. The historic building is a prominent example of Hyderabad’s Indo-Saracenic architecture in the first half of the 20th century.

As you can see, with the exception of Hyderabad’s politics and feudalism (which was essentially common throughout India in all princely states), there is no doubt that Nizam here built and raised Hyderabad. ..

Of course, we can discuss other related issues, dive into the details of our history, and scrutinize things for discussion. In this case, will BJP and its leaders stop going to these places as they were built by the Nizam of the Asahujahi dynasty? Or do you think they can make something more spectacular?

Not everything is about temples and mosques. Cities need a vision, not a joint agenda. Perhaps Salma is talking about “ending” Nizam from Hyderabad when he achieves something even bigger than that.

Hyderabad’s 430-year-old rulers built the city we inherited today. And using words such as “ending” their heritage is a disadvantage to our rich past. The city was founded by Mohd in 1591. Quli Qutb Shah, the fifth ruler of the Gorkonda dynasty (1518-1687).

Ironically, the Mughal Empire (1526-1857) is used as a generic term for Muslim rule, but ironically, they are essentially enemies of the Gorkonda dynasty, and in 1687 Aurangzeb named Hyderabad. It ended after being conquered and destroyed (Mughal Empire, then taken over).

https://www.siasat.com/mr-assam-cm-heres-how-hyderabad-would-be-without-the-nizams-2255633/ Assam CM, this is what Hyderabad would do without Nizam

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