BNN ASKS | Physicians: Hepatitis C is also spreading to people with a “polite lifestyle”-Baltic News Network

«Latvian hepatitis C is more common in men than in women. Few studies conclude why this is, but traditionally men generally pay less attention to their health. Especially now – an era when effective state-funded drugs exist to help treat hepatitis C in 2-3 months in 95% of cases »Eastern Riga Clinical Hospital (RAKUS) Latvia Infectious Disease Center (LIC) Liver Disease The head of the unit said: Vice President of the Association of Latvian Infectious Disease Specialists, Liver Specialists and the Association of HIV / AIDS Specialists. Ieva Tolmane in an interview with Professor BNN.

July 28 – World Hepatitis Day

«The majority of the inhabitants can say that the state did their homework. Now society needs to do the same, which means getting tested for hepatitis C. At the same time, homework that the state has not yet completed includes national guidelines and recommendations on the fight against hepatitis C, screening of tenants in various social centers, and closure. Type agency, »Doctor said.

«The spread of hepatitis C among children is so low that we do not believe it is necessary to test all children. The spread of infection is increasing among adults, which can be explained by cosmetological manipulations, medical manipulations, sexual life and addiction. This is why all adults need to be checked. Also, death from cirrhosis is unpleasant, so it is recommended that people between the ages of 70 and 80 be tested for hepatitis C. Dying from cirrhosis is incredibly difficult and painful. It’s a very serious illness that lasts for a long time and is a heavy burden for all patients, “the expert emphasizes.

«When her patient asks her, say what my colleague once told me. She told her patient to look in the mirror – you would see a typical hepatitis C patient. This means that everyone in Latvia can be infected with hepatitis C. The disease is prevalent in Latvia’s most prevalent drug addicts and society in general. This means that if you do not sterilize the tool or go to another cosmetology room where the tool is loose, you are at risk of infection. This includes manicures, pedicures and tattoo salons. There is also a risk of getting infected during sex. Unfortunately, medical procedures continue to improve, but the risk of infection during surgery remains. Such cases are rare, but they do exist. Dentistry also poses certain risks. Hepatitis C can spread to people who are drug-free, have never been in jail, and live a polite and clean lifestyle. »»

Asoc when people are asked how to avoid hepatitis C. Professor Ieva Tolmane said, “Mainly we have classic hygiene and general cleanliness. Infections can also be caused by contact with blood. This provides first aid. That’s why people need to be especially careful. Protection during sex is also important. The same applies to sharing medical devices and cosmetics. Sharing needles when taking medications can lead to hepatitis C infections. Greatly increased risk ».

«Unlike other infectious diseases, there is no vaccine for viral hepatitis C. Therefore, we recommend that everyone be vaccinated against hepatitis A and B with the vaccine. This helps prevent the risk of other hepatitis infections and reduces the risk of cirrhosis and liver cancer. More importantly, hepatitis C testing should be done at least once every 5 to 10 years. »Doctor recommends.

When asked about the symptoms of hepatitis C, and in that case, it is a good idea for people to test it, the doctor said. «Chronic hepatitis C does not cause many problems for humans. Often, one doesn’t even know it’s there. It can go without symptoms. Rarely, you may experience fatigue, a rash, insomnia, and depression, but most people have no symptoms. Therefore, if the disease is not detected early, it is difficult to help, after cirrhosis has settled, the abdomen begins to accumulate water, bleeding, and the liver malfunctioning. And that’s why early screening is more important than observing the actual symptoms. The only way to ensure is to screen for hepatitis C and start treatment early. »»

When asked about the situation in Latvia and the situation 20 to 30 years ago, experts said, “The main difference is medical progress. Hepatitis C was decided 20 to 30 years ago, but now it is It can be treated. Previously, I used to use drugs with many side effects and low efficacy, but it was difficult, time consuming, and not always effective. Currently, 95-98% of patients Hepatitis C is almost the only chronic disease that can be successfully treated.

When asked about the situation in Latvia when compared to the European Union, doctors said, “Data from epidemiological studies 10 years ago show that Latvia has high levels of hepatitis C infection. Hepatitis C treatment has been developed. Treated patients no longer infect other patients. Laws have been improved. Dental sterilization rules have become stricter and beauty surveillance has become stricter. There is still room for improvement. This will help reduce the spread of the infection, but there are no accurate data. The Ministry of Health will conduct an epidemiological study on the spread of hepatitis C. You can know the exact situation ».

About 40,000 people in Latvia are infected with hepatitis C. The exact number is unknown, as many people in Latvia do not know they are infected because they have not yet registered for the test. Much uncertainty comes from the fact that hepatitis C testing is non-binding and voluntary in neuropsychiatric hospitals, social centers, shelters, and prisons, asoc said. Professor Ieva Tolmane.

The Ministry of Health of Latvia is working on a plan to limit HIV infection, sexually transmitted diseases, hepatitis A and hepatitis B from 2023 to 2027. “We hope this plan will help improve screening for different risk groups. Latvia needs national guidelines to help limit the spread of hepatitis. This has been common to infectious disease specialists in the past. It’s similar to how we created the guidelines for practitioners, “said Ieva Tolmane. BNN ASKS | Physicians: Hepatitis C is also spreading to people with a “polite lifestyle”-Baltic News Network

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