The Greek Cypriot nationalist terrorist group EOKA killed more than 370 Turkish Cypriots and expelled 25,000-30,000 during the 1963 Christmas season.
The fear of a deadly and systematic attack on Turkish Cypriots by the radical Greek Cypriot nationalist terrorist group EOKA has been around since these incidents killed hundreds and expelled thousands from their ancestral homes. 58 years later, it is memorable as “Blood Christmas”.
The event that led to the “Blood Christmas”, also known as Black Christmas by the Turkish Cypriots, came from the founding and stubbornness of EOKA, led by World War I and World War II veteran officer Georgios Grivas. It started in 1955. Communists and Turkish opponents.
EOKA targeted not only British soldiers and civil servants, but also Turkish and Greek Cypriots who opposed the goal of their extreme ideology and integration with Greece.
Until Cyprus achieved independence from Britain on August 16, 1960 with the guarantee of Britain, Turkish Cyprus, and Greece, EOKA’s ferocious and deadly terrorist campaign killed at least 104 British soldiers. , 54 police officers (15 of whom) were included. Greek Cypriots, 22 Turkish Cypriots, 12 British), and 238 civilians (203 Greek Cypriots, 7 Turkish Cypriots, and 26 British). include).
Under this shared power regime of the Bilingual Republic of Cyprus, which has adopted both Greek and Turkish as its official language, the island will be governed by the Greek President of Cyprus, the Turkish Vice President of Cyprus, and a cabinet of 10 people. It was decided. The Greek and Turkish sides are reflected in bureaucrats, police, and security forces.
This led many of the Turkish Cypriots who had existed in Ankara and Cyprus for four centuries to believe that Greek political actors had abandoned their maximal claims on the island.
But on the contrary, Archbishop Macarios of Greece and his team of extreme nationalists did not take much time to begin to undermine the republic.
Due to the opinion that Turkish Cypriots had acquired excessive privileges, Macarios prevented the full implementation of the constitutional provisions related to public office assigned to the Turkish side.
Resurrection of EOKA
In addition, since the early 1961, Greek Cypriots have been called Akritas, also known as the Secret Army EOK, with the aim of overturning the Constitution, severely limiting the rights of the Turks, and finally proclaiming unity with Greece. The EOKA terrorist group has begun to revive under its name.
Acritus worked under the guidance of Greek Cypriot officers and used weapons obtained from government weapons.
On the eve of “Blood Christmas”, as many as 10,000 Greek Cypriots were hired and began to be trained in weapons.
In response to the greatest demands of the Greek Cypriots, Greece’s direct and strong support, and the vague policies of Western countries, including the United States and the United Kingdom, demanded 13 amendments by Macarios on November 30, 1963. Further urged to publish a memorandum of understanding. A constitution that abolished many of the rights of Turkish Cypriots.
Turkiye, one of the guarantors of the Republic of Cyprus and its constitutional order, and the Turkish Cypriots, then headed by Vice President Fazil Kucuk of Cyprus, rejected the amendment.
As a result, EOKA launched an attack on the Turkish district of Lefkosa on the night of December 20, 1963, with the help of many Greek Cypriots of the police organization.
He attacked the house of Turkish army doctor Nihat Kahveci, killing Ilhan’s wife Murbet and his three sons, Murat, Kuzi and Hakan, as well as the wife of the landlord Feride Gudham.
Since then, photographs of a dead mother and her three sons lying dead in the bathroom have symbolized the atrocities of Greek Cypriot militants.
30,000 Turkish Cypriots have been banished
A total of 103 Turkish Cyprus villages were attacked, killing hundreds.
The bloody campaign has led to the expulsion of 30,000 Turkish Cypriots who had to evacuate to areas that make up only 3 percent of the island.
In 1967, the military government expelled the Greek government and began to destabilize the island. The junta struck two villages in Cyprus, Boğaziçi and Gesitkale.
Turkey’s then Prime Minister, Burent Ejevit, instructed the military to take action, and the Cyprus Peace Operation began on July 20, 1974.
Turkiye prevented the annexation of Cyprus and protected the tired Turkish Cypriots as fighters flew low on land and airborne troops were deployed on the island.
Operation Peace proved the Turks’ allegations of persecution of the Turks, as numerous mass graves were revealed in several Turkish Cyprus towns on the island.
The success of the operation paved the way for the establishment of the Federal State of Turkey in Cyprus on February 13, 1975, with Rauf Denktas as president.
On November 15, 1983, the Commonwealth of Turkey held an extraordinary meeting, and parliamentarians unanimously approved the establishment of the Republic of Turkey (TRNC) in Northern Cyprus.
During the 1963 Christmas season EOKA terrorist campaign, 374 Turkish Cypriots were killed, 109 Turkish villages were forced to evacuate, and more than 2,500 Turkish Cypriots were severely damaged or destroyed. , 25,000-30,000 Turkish Cypriots have become refugees. September 10, 1964.
Source: TRT World and distributors
https://www.trtworld.com/turkey/bloody-christmas-in-cyprus-continues-to-haunt-people-58-years-on-52857?utm_source=other&utm_medium=rss Cyprus’s “Blood Christmas” has been annoying people for 58 years