Day trip: Thionville

You may be wondering why Thionville deserves a day trip, but you’ll be amazed. Thionville has a prestigious past, once belonging to the Carolingian Dynasty, the Burgundians, the Habsburgs, the Luxembourg, and of course the French.

From obelisks to rock bridges, it’s full of remnants of this unusual history. Surrounded by several famous museums, churches and several castles, in addition to the German fortress that housed thousands of soldiers.

Just 20 minutes by train and 40 minutes by car from the city of Luxembourg, it’s the perfect place to explore on a day trip.

A little history

Strategically important, the town’s defenses were strengthened by many architects, despite the destruction of the walls and the growth of Thionville at the turn of the 20th century. It was first mentioned in a document dating back to 707, known as Dietenhofen.

Town monuments

In the middle of the town of Thionville in Place Anne Grommersch, Bell towerWith that golden weathercock.

As early as 1363, the city council’s room (the annex of the city hall) was adjacent to the hospice for the poor. that is,”Charte de FranchiseWas published in 1239 by Henri, Count of Luxembourg. The Gothic windows and buttresses retain their original structure. The current tower dates back to the 16th century, with the addition of a slate roof and onion dome a century later. In 1831, a public fountain was added before that. The belfry has 132 stairs and four bells, the largest of which weighs 2 tons and is locally known as “Big Susanne”. It is the tallest monument in Thionville, surrounded by many sunny restaurant terraces and the town’s tourist office.

Another symbol of Thionville is ObeliskBuilt in 1796, it was about 3,600, but currently only one remains in France to withstand the attacks of Napoleon’s soldiers. Dating back to the French Revolution, it provided the focus for patriotic events made from neoclassical limestone. It stands at PlaceClaude Arnoult today (after spending time in a local graveyard to prevent it from being destroyed).

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Pon Ecruse was a defensive element added to the city not only to prevent floods, but also to store military equipment.

Photo: Shutterstock

Monuments listed since the mid-1980s, Rock bridge Thionville waterways or Pon Ekurus Used to store grains, straw and ammunition. It was military engineer and strategist Vauban who noticed that the town was frequently flooded, so he included two rock bridges built by Louis de Cormonteigne on the side canal of Moselle in the mid-18th century. .. They were used not only to prevent floods and provide crossings, but also to store food and military equipment. The locks could be used to flood certain areas and survived the siege in 1792, 1814, 1815 and 1870, but unfortunately were not bombed in 1944 and could also be used as a defense system. rice field. Century technology including the coating of Wasselonne lime.

The Saarlouis Gate Built in the mid-18th century, it represents the style of the fortified gates of the time, with motifs representing royalty. In the 19th century, moats and drawbridges were removed and walls were demolished to allow traffic flow. The gate was part of a fortress to strengthen the right bank of the river, including the floodgate bridge.

Heading to the courtyard area of ​​the castle, there are three important buildings. Named after the most influential family in Zionville from the Middle Ages, Laville’s private residence has a polygonal tower. On the other hand, Bernard Delz’s private residence was built in the 16th century and the city hall was originally a monastery. It became St. Claire’s Nun in the 17th century, then a hospital, and at the end of the 19th century it became a city hall. The only access between the medieval castle and the city was near the fortified gate. All that remains is the portcullis and the two twin towers on the city side.

Museums, castles, churches

Muséedela Touraux Puces

This goes back in time Archaeological Museum Eight theme rooms display collections from prehistoric times to the Renaissance, allowing you to travel chronologically through the great times of history and rediscover Thionville and its territories.

The name Tour aux Puces comes from Luxembourgish and French, and a translation error between “peetzsturm” and “puces”. The building dates back to the 11th century when the local lord built the castle on what was once the Carolingian Palace. Later, the De Laville family built more walls inside the walls of the castle, added chimneys, and added mansions. The tower is a 14-sided polygon, made from the rubble of the Carolingian palace, proved by the decorated magus of the time, and incorporated into the building. The tower now functioned as a fort, powder magazine, and prison.

The museum’s first collection unearthed Augustine’s monastery (which may have been destroyed in 1558), tombstones, altarpieces and other important stones in 1902 due to the destruction of more modern walls. It was discovered when. The museum, which was heavily bombed during World War II, was relocated while the tower was being refurbished. At the beginning of this century, the museum introduced a panoramic view of the tombstones through the glass covers on the floor. Inside, there is a spiral staircase, passing by many relics such as the beautiful Apollo statue (you can take a virtual tour to see the exhibits). here). It is open from Tuesday to Sunday from 14.00 to 18.00 and is available for adults (aged 26+) for a small fee.

Volklange Castle

Volklange Castle, a mansion on the outskirts of the city that was destroyed at a party during the Thirty Years’ War, still has a round tower, drawbridge, and private chapel. Built between 1242 and 1248, the castle was surrounded by a moat and protected by two towers. Crossing the drawbridge, the first room has a beautiful barrel-shaped vaulted ceiling, a French-style ceiling, and an 18th-century restoration fireplace. You can also visit the stables, old houses for servants and the magnificent 30 hectares of the castle.Unfortunately you visit A two-hour tour in groups of 10-19 people, but the organizer can also incorporate a workshop for children.

Recently refurbished fortress St. Maxim Church Built in the 18th century, it has a certain height both from the outside with two gazebos and from the inside with stained glass windows, the Stations of the Cross, the Baroque organ and the 18th century canopy of Chartreuse de Retter. .. Under the church, the basement maintained a safe resident of the town during the bombardment of the war. Inside the church, in addition to paintings and murals, there are stained glass windows by Moselle artist Camille Hillea.

You can see Church of St. Joseph de Beauligado From the highway, you should approach to see the gorgeous stonework. Built in Neo-Gothic style and completed in 1870, the architecture is inspired by the Cathedral of Metz. Located on the grounds of the former Borigard Hospital. Christian Brothers, who founded the school and church in 1874, left Thionville, but was restored by the local wife, Mrs. Raydecker, at the end of the 19th century.

Just outside Thionville

Château Dragrange

In a lovely wooded area, this chateau was built from the early Middle Ages to the end of the 18th century. The direct descendants of Marquis Fouquet are still the owners. Inside, you’ll find many treasures, including original furniture, tapestries, paintings, and authentic medieval kitchens. Here you can see how the other half lived, with marble stairs, luxurious rooms, a library with thousands of books, and a monumental fireplace. It’s still a family home rather than a museum, with beautiful gardens with flower-studded meadows, vegetable gardens, and a very large collection of boxwoods. There are also rare residents. Mustache trees, green giraffes and rhinos are scattered on the lawn.Due to renovation work, the castle Closed this year To individual visitors (but hopefully it will resume soon), but you can organize a group tour.

Gentrange Fortress

Built between 1899 and 1906, this huge German fortress on the west hill of the city was expanded during World War I to hide occultations and underground barracks. Built in front of the Maginot Line, but later incorporated and equipped with several cannons. At one time, 47 hectares were home to 2,000 men.

It’s open for Guided tour Approximately two and a half hours (French), including visits to rooms with unusual equipment such as the Full V1 rocket of World War II, items used to prevent death if the fortress is gassed, and a kitchen. increase. Bedroom, Gunsmith room. Surprisingly, it was equipped with a heating and hot water system. Outside you can explore the top of the hill (note that there are still trenches and barbed wire). The tour runs from May 1st to September 30th at 15.00 on Saturdays and Sundays.

Nature, walks, cycling courses

Voyage ham Is an aquatic center where you can enjoy cycling, sailing lessons and jet skiing. You can rent a motorboat, pedalboat or bike, take a walk around the marina or have a picnic.

You can take Blueway cycle pass In the direction of Mets, you will pass the industrial heritage, the port of Ilange, the U4 blast furnace, and reach the city over lakes and wetlands. In the opposite direction, bike to the castle town of Ciel Clevan to see the castle of the Duchy of Lorraine and the vine-covered slopes.

<!–[if IE 9]><![endif]–>Take a historical tour of the town on the 5.9km Charlemagne Loop Walk

Take a historical tour of the town on the 5.9km Charlemagne Loop Walk

Photo: LW Archive

5.9km Charlemagne loop Go down Charlemagne, Hildegard, Berte and Carolingian dynasty to visit the town’s main attractions. Cross the river and take a walk in Yuts. Circuit MelmozThe home of some nice murals representing the area by the Church of San Joseph and Greg Gaura.

The Circuit du chalet – Bois de la Côte is 4.7 km from the forest, which is part of a nature reserve formed in a formerly mined area.Nature lovers can also try 6.4km per hour Hostart loop Pass by a stork colony that lives with herons near the village of Garsh.

Many other walking routes and cycling tours are listed here..

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