To respect Tutu’s memory, climate change leaders, scientists and activists need to work on regional apartheid as well as global apartheid.
Archbishop who died recently Desmond Tutu The struggle to defeat apartheid, a violently forced racial segregation in South Africa, has been hailed as a painful episode to date.
In the 21st century, he also recognized another form of apartheid that would only worsen in the future. Tutu called this climate apartheid.
Tutu’s death is a turning point to reflect this concept and how it is already manifesting itself in climate change, with only some wealthy countries and societies buying food, water and electricity to air-condition. Or a refrigerator.
Climate Apartheid and Anthropocene
Tutu coined this term Climate change apartheid 2007/08 United Nations Human Development Report. The concept “Climate apartheid arises from a complex exchange between racism and environmental development.”
When Tutu coined the term climate apartheid, he was discussing the gap between developed and developing countries. The former will have the resources to deal with climate change, from AC to the construction of embankments and dams. The latter, especially island nations, do not.
At that time, Tutu sought to set the agenda to bring the division between developed and developing countries into the Anthropocene debate.
Scientist Paul Crutzen Anthropocene As a temporary turning point when humanity has achieved an institution to modify and influence the Earth’s biogeophysical system in a radical and detrimental way.
The starting point of the Anthropocene is usually indicated by the development of coal-fueled steam-powered engines in the United Kingdom in the late 18th century. The Anthropocene began when modern industry threatened nature and created risks that undermine modern society.
Climate apartheid suggests that certain races are particularly vulnerable during this geological time. Iraq serves as a valuable study of such anthropogenic anxieties that result in climate apartheid. Here, climate apartheid means that people living in the same area experience extreme weather in different ways.
Iraqi Climate Apartheid
and article UK based Independence In 2016, Richard Hall wrote: “In the future, only the rich will be able to escape the intolerable heat of climate change. In Iraq, that is already happening.”
Iraq acted as a template for climate apartheid, and especially in Basra, only wealthy people could afford food, water and electricity to power the air conditioner.
The city has one of the largest oil fields in the world, but the average citizen does not benefit from this wealth and is similar to the Niger Delta. Instead, most of the Basra people suffer from the oil industry in terms of the pollution caused by the fields.
Second, Basra is located in an area that has witnessed some of the hottest temperatures in recorded history.
Third, it has a racial minority. In this publication, I wrote about socio-economic discrimination and political hurdles. Black Iraqi communityA descendant of the Middle East slave trade, its ancestors confronted prisoners of war during the Abbasid dynasty in a rebellion known as the Zanj Rebellion from 869 to 883 AD.
Currently this community is about Two million It is mainly located in Basra Governorate. They are trying to overcome their marginalization and uphold civil rights, community government approval, and anti-discrimination laws in order to deal with the racial discrimination they endure. Most people continue their sneaky work as cleaners, musicians and dancers.
The area around Basra has already proven to be particularly vulnerable to extreme weather events. For example, during the summer heat wave of 2019, neighboring cities such as Basra and Kuwait City in Kuwait Highest temperature On earth.
Already in 2018 and 2019, massive protests broke out in Basra, highlighting the city’s unreliable water services and causing clashes with government security forces.
of Basra Rising sea levels flood households and cause confusion. Sea level rise already Saltwater intrusion Basra’s canals and streams, 300 kilometers above the Shut Al Arab Canal, killed crops, livestock and fish.
To exacerbate the problem, political ecology under Saddam Hussein’s control left Iraq particularly vulnerable. Hussein has ordered the drainage of the wetlands in the south, the site of the rebel uprising since 1991. This order eliminated some freshwater lakes and increased salinity in the soil. Even in an attempt to restore the swamp, Saddam’s actions left a legacy that facilitated saltwater intrusion from the Gulf into Basra.
Tutu’s death made me wonder what the black Iraqi community would be like in the face of climate change. Predicting the future in these dire scenarios, this community, whose fate is already volatile and invisible, will bear the brunt of these changes due to climate.
Dealing with climate apartheid
Tutu reminds us that national and collective security agencies need to be aware of the environmental risks to these vulnerable demographics, which are divided by socio-economic status and race.
National and cross-border political leaders and civil society, from the United Nations to local NGOs, need to develop anthropogenic strategies that can only undermine national security with climate change viruses or floods and droughts. Instead, it needs to be reconsidered as a cross-border environmental issue that causes specific problems. Risk to vulnerable demographics.
One way to deal with this risk is for city planning not only to deal with climate change, but also to recognize racial inequality in cities and towns, as in the case of Basra.
Cities now rely on energy-intensive air conditioning, which emits carbon to contribute to climate change, or the use of energy-intensive cement to absorb heat and produce.For example, Iraq and Gulf cities should adopt traditional use Wind tower Since ancient times, we have captured the breeze of this area and built buildings with white-painted stone walls to design spaces that provide shade in an urban environment.
Looking back on Tutu’s life, he fought apartheid, which divides South African cities, towns and neighborhoods. To respect memory, climate change leaders, scientists and activists need to work on regional apartheid as well as global apartheid.
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https://www.trtworld.com/opinion/the-legacy-of-desmond-tutu-and-his-fight-against-climate-apartheid-53093?utm_source=other&utm_medium=rss Desmond Tutu’s Legacy and the Battle of Climate Apartheid