Do Koreans believe that North Koreans can be assimilated into their society?

Do Koreans believe that North Koreans can be assimilated into their society? Many Koreans continue to support unification, at least abstractly, but it remains unclear when unification will occur.After all, experts predicted The regime will probably fall After Kim Il Sung’s death in 1994.. But if you want insight into the challenges associated with unification, so far you can only look at the assimilation of North Korea’s arrival.

Beginning with the famine of the 1990s, arrival from North Korea, Often from a poorer background, I am having more and more difficulty adjusting to life in Korea. Arrivals, once considered a valuable tool in ideological warfare, are now often seen as an economic and social burden instead.Previous arrival Well educated and easier to integrate To Korean society with the help of a huge resettlement package. However, such support is increasingly facing domestic backlash, Program cut Under President Moon Jae-in.Existing evidence is also that most Koreans I don’t personally know the arrival of North KoreaIt can affect the understanding of the arrival’s unique challenges and the success or lack of integration efforts.

South Korea offers arrival Short-term course on social basics, These are little enough to fill the cultural gap between the north and the south.Unfamiliar with Korean technology and hiding them, there are many challenges North Korean accentFinding stereotypes about immature work and trends towards work ethic and violence. Children face a unique struggle as many children are academically behind their peers by several years. Detour escape route Use recent arrivals. Therefore, if South Korea struggles to assimilate when North Korea arrives only a few hundred or thousands a year and sufficient funds for integration policies are not popular, it could be integrated in a unified manner. How will South Korea deal with potential millions?

To gain public awareness of the ability to assimilate South Korea’s arrivals, March 11-16, 2022, managed by Macromill Embrain, using age, gender, and geographic region allocation sampling, South Korea. We conducted a national web survey at. We randomly assigned 1,107 respondents to one of the two prompts and rated them on a 5-point Likert scale (strongly disagree).

Version 1: I believe the arrival of North Korea can be assimilated into Korean society

Version 2: I believe that if unification happens, North Koreans can be assimilated into Korean society

Only a small majority believe that the arrivals can be assimilated (50.82%), and only 14.65% disagree. However, when focusing on North Koreans at the time of unification, only 40.62% of respondents believe that North Koreans can assimilate, and 28.7% disagree. In other words, it turns out that the public is more confident in the handling of South Korea’s previous arrivals, despite inadequate policies, compared to the virtual treatment at the time of unification.

By party, liberal Democratic (DP) supporters agree with both statements (arrival: 54.59%, unification: 46.89%) compared to supporters of the Conservative People’s Power (PPP). Or you will find that you are likely to strongly agree (arrival: 48.55%; unification: 40.56%). Additional statistical analysis found that after managing demographic factors (age, gender, income, education) and political party identification, those who received the second version were unlikely to agree.

The reasons why the public distinguishes between the assimilation of the present arrival and the assimilation of unification in this way are the large number of North Koreans assimilating, the additional challenges posed at the time of unification, and perhaps the great risk of arriving. There are several possible reasons, such as the views of those who have done so. South Korea currently has a relatively sympathetic view. Still, for the North Korean people, the challenges will be similar. Koreans do not support the resources needed to arrive to adapt to Korean life, and are personally little accustomed to the plight of these arrivals, so the entire administration does not adequately meet the current challenges. The policy has been perpetuated. In other words, the public may be correctly aware of the challenges associated with the assimilation of millions of North Koreans at the time of unification, but they are sufficient with their current policies for the arrival of hundreds to thousands of people annually. You may be convinced. Despite the evidence of opposition. The way South Korea prepares for its arrival now should be seen as a rehearsal of the need for unification, but the severance shown here suggests that inadequate policies continue, both now and in unification. doing.

If South Korean politicians want to avoid the social and economic challenges Germany faces during unification, they need to understand how current policies affect the arrival of North the meantime Income inequality Endure, most North Korean arrivals Optimistic about life in Korea,despite this Unemployment rate Korean authorities need to learn from these challenges and identify scalable policies in case unification may be achieved.Most of the Korean people I don’t know North Korea personally Since they don’t think much about North Koreans, it is unlikely that the people will push forward with the necessary policy changes. If the President-elect is serious about emphasizing North Korea’s human rights, linking this position to domestic policy to support the assimilation of arrivals overcomes some of these challenges and unification brings. It may help prepare South Korea better for the task.

The views expressed in this guest column do not necessarily reflect the views of the Daily NK.


Timothy S. Rich is an associate professor of political science at Western Kentucky University and director of the Institute for International Public Opinion (IPOL).

Ian Milden recently graduated from the Master of Public Administration Program at Western Kentucky University. He previously graduated from Western Kentucky University with a bachelor’s degree in political science and history.

Aurora Speltz is an honorary undergraduate researcher at Western Kentucky University, majoring in International Affairs, Arabic and Spanish.

Katrina Fjeld is an Honorary Undergraduate Researcher at Western Kentucky University, majoring in International Relations and Arabic. Do Koreans believe that North Koreans can be assimilated into their society?

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