Asia

Do Taiwanese take sexism for granted?

By Madelynn Einhorn, Josie Coyle, and Timothy S. Rich

Over the last few decades We have successfully fought for greater gender equality.Tsai Ing-wen, the first female president, was elected in 2016 and 2020, with almost all women include At the Legislative Yuan. In 2021, Taiwan was ranked No. 1 in East Asia and No. 6 in the world under the United Nations Development Program. .. Despite improved gender equality, women are still experiencing discrimination and harassment.

For example, the employment of women is increasing, Women are often pushed towards low-paying sales and clerical jobs and endure. The We found that nearly 90% of cases of workplace harassment were reported by women, and nearly half of these cases were raised against superiors or managers.Most of the past studies I have experienced sexual harassment at work.

Increasing government and media attention to discrimination against women will probably affect public perception. To address this more clearly, we surveyed 640 Taiwanese respondents from May 18 to 20 through a web survey conducted by the Pollcracy Lab at the National Chengchi University Election Research Center.

First, I asked the respondents, “Do you think sex discrimination is commonplace in Taiwan?” Overall, the respondents were fairly evenly divided, with 49.53% disagreeing and 50.47% agreeing. However, there is a clear difference in perceptions by gender, with 56.97% of women and 46.46% of men agreeing with this statement.

Then I asked the respondents, “Did you become a victim of sexism?” The majority of respondents (68.59%) reported “no”. This suggests that gender discrimination is not as common as initially recognized, or at least it is difficult to define common terms. However, when categorized by gender, the data show that 77.53% of men reported negative and 54.10% of women said they experienced sexism. This difference by gender is expected.But women Past studies have shown that women often find it uncomfortable or embarrassing to report discriminatory behavior.

In addition to deliberately underreporting, people may have different notions of what constitutes discrimination. Gender discrimination can be thought of as predominantly overt sexual harassment, rather than discrimination in the broader non-sexual workplace. While 97% -100% of Taiwan’s population considered genital grabs to be harassment, only 60.9% of women and 28.6% of men believed that commenting on someone’s characteristics was harassment. rice field. Men may assume that they may define sexism more loosely than women, and narrow definitions may also be generational in nature.

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To further analyze the data, we looked at the relationship between reporting being a victim of sexism and recognizing sexism as a matter of course. 64.24% of those who have never been victims of sexism did not take it for granted, while 82.59% of self-reported victims of sexism took it for granted. rice field. Again, this suggests that perceptions of the epidemic of discrimination are subjective in nature and, depending on experience, notice or ignore evidence of discrimination.

Finally, perform regression analysis to recognize gender discrimination as common, and various demographics (age, gender, education, income, and party affiliation) and attitude factors (victims of sexism). ) Was investigated. We have found that women are more likely to believe that sexism is the norm, and older Taiwanese are less likely. However, after managing whether they were victims of discrimination, women were not statistically more likely to take discrimination as a matter of course.

Despite being at the top of gender equality, Taiwan still has a lot of room for improvement. Women consistently report that they are experiencing discrimination, which many take for granted in society.apart from Women who try to prevent harassment often do not know if their experience counts as harassment or is too embarrassed to report, which can upset the perpetrator again. Last year, the Legislative Yuan passed stalking and harassment prevention laws, criminalizing stalking and harassment. .. Strong harassment prevention policies, training, and employee liability standards have been found to help combat gender discrimination. But a supportive legal framework is not enough to change public opinion. Policy makers should continue to pay attention to this issue, and the general public needs to be informed about the effects of sexism.

Madelynn Einhorn is a recent graduate of Western Kentucky University, majoring in political science and economics.

Josie Coyle is an honor student at Western Kentucky University, majoring in International Relations and Chinese.

Timothy S. Rich is a professor of political science at Western Kentucky University and director of the Institute for International Public Opinion (IPOL). His research focuses on East Asian public opinion and electoral politics.

Read next: How do Taiwanese people see their efforts to deal with false information?

TNL Editors: Bryan Chou, Nicholas Haggerty (@thenewslensintl).

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