Famine looms in the South, but tensions between great powers have not eased

The world recognizes in the mandate of the United Nations that food insecurity and famine resulting from conflict and war can clearly occur in parts of the global South. Countries “knocking on famine” include Ethiopia, northeastern Nigeria, South Sudan, Yemen, Somalia and Afghanistan.

David Beasley, executive director of the United Nations World Food Program, had bleeding statistics. It is incredibly troubling that 50 million people in 45 countries suffer from acute malnutrition… What was a wave of hunger is now a tsunami of hunger.

Ahead of the current UN General Assembly summit, UN Secretary-General António Guterres said, inter alia, that he hoped to set the main tone and theme of the summit’s deliberations. And we are ashamed of poverty, hunger and inequality. The challenge facing the international community is to meet the enormous challenge of mitigating these unprecedented challenges. This is a very tough acid test for the world body.

But how prepared is the international community to face these challenges that will test its humanity? This is a question that requires an immediate answer. It is clear that if we are to succeed in alleviating the suffering caused by these multiple crises, the people of the world must come together to meet the challenges of the problem. But as it stands, this is hardly the case.

For example, Russian and Chinese leaders have refused to participate in the ongoing UN summit, and it goes without saying that Russian and Chinese participation will bring relief to those suffering as a result of the aforementioned crises. It is critical to the success of the targeted global effort. The personal presence of our leaders at the UN deliberations has undoubtedly been a great impetus for global initiatives aimed at easing the fate of millions of people in poverty around the world. Their non-participation should be viewed as a shortcoming of these historic efforts.

Given these developments, which have a significant impact on organizational effectiveness, the inference is inevitable that the UN system is at a crossroads. As key members of the UN Security Council, cooperation between Russia and China is essential for the smooth functioning of the United Nations. The more they hesitate to cooperate with other members of the United Nations, the more the global organization will be undermined. As a result, nothing could prevent cynics from finally questioning the raison d’etre of the United Nations.

The main challenge facing the UN Secretary-General and his core team at this point is to unite the international community and stand firmly behind the United Nations. It is clear that global political divisions and tensions are at an all-time high. For example, apparently power blocs of a regional nature are choosing to think and act independently of the United Nations, highlighting the implicit questioning of the United Nations’ moral authority by these sides. . Power centers have emerged that not only tend to reject the United Nations’ primary position in the current world order, but also prefer to be guided solely by their own interests. These are dangerous trends that UN leaders need to contain.

It can be said that Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February of this year hit a new bottom in the current growing international turmoil. Military aggression by great powers into weaker countries was nothing new in the post-World War II order, but it is the civilian population of Ukraine by the aggressor that is disturbing the world’s conscience with Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. is a merciless spill of blood. Apparently, the United Nations can do nothing about it. This exacerbates the runaway international lawlessness of our time.

The most hostile kind of nationalism has been eclipsed by competing powers, and more and more humanity has become all but irrelevant. This is the greatest fear. As of this writing, Putin has reportedly announced the partial military mobilization of Russians to continue the aggression against Ukraine, which bodes ill for Ukraine and Russia.

The Ukrainian invasion was preceded by the formation of Western-centric security blocs such as the Quads and the Auks, whose primary objective is to contain China’s military and economic power in India and the Asia-Pacific region. Years of Chinese muscle flexing in the Taiwan Strait and the East and South China Seas were seen by the West as a major reason for the formation of the Quad and Aux groups.

The US invasion of Afghanistan and Iraq marked a resurgence of Western military interventionism in the South, with the UN reduced to an impotent bystander. Needless to say, all such interventions were acquitted, and accountability on the part of the aggressor forces was not a factor in dispute.

The stage was thus set for a dramatic spiral of international turmoil. The questions that the international community must address are complex, and there are no easy answers to these questions. Whatever its limitations, there is no denying the continued usefulness and relevance of the United Nations. But it faces the tough task of constraining and enforcing compliance with directives from Western and Eastern-centric power blocs in constant competition for global military and economic control.

Today, Eastern-centric power organizations such as the BRICS and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization are proving increasingly formidable in the face of threats to influence and control from the aforementioned Western-led power blocs. . Given the enormity of their military power, it is unlikely that either of these competing alliances will yield to each other’s pressure.

As a short-term measure, the United Nations will raise awareness among governments and the public of the enormous costs these competing forces are bearing through current power projection exercises and regional and global military interventions. can be increased. After all, all they have achieved is making life impossible for them in the form of skyrocketing prices for all necessities. Creeping global poverty is a distinct possibility. The big powers involved will only incur public wrath. Famine looms in the South, but tensions between great powers have not eased

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