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Fear of Syrian refugees over Turkey’s “voluntary return” plan | Turkey-Syria Border News

Istanbul, Turkey – The Turkish government is the Turkish government Military operations in northern Syria..

In May, Prime Minister Erdogan announced that the government was working to return Syrian refugees to Turkey’s security-controlled areas in northern Syria. The plan includes building 250,000 homes and building infrastructure from the cities of Azaz, Jarables and Albab to Tal Abyad and Ein Issa.

“We support ongoing migration strategies with projects that promote voluntary interests,” Erdogan said at the time.

“We not only opened our doors to allow oppressed people to save their lives and dignity, but we also made every effort to allow them to return to their homes. “I did,” he added.

However, many Syrians say that the northern region is still a highly militarized war zone and will uproot the lives they built for themselves in Turkey during Syria’s 11 years of bloody war. Having said that, I am wary of returning to my own country.

“We all want to go back to our country and build it again,” Mohammed Hawasli, sales manager for a mobile operator in Istanbul, told Al Jazeera. “But Syria was at war with itself and wanted to live with dignity, so we left for a reason.”

A 32-year-old woman from Damascus arrived in Istanbul in 2012 and in 10 years established a successful business that would benefit Turkey’s leading telecommunications company Turk Telekom with hundreds of millions of lira. He is also married and has two young children. They are enrolled in a Turkish school and can hardly speak Arabic.

According to the Turkish Ministry of Home Affairs, Turkey is home to 3,762,000 Syrians who have been given temporary protection. Some of those numbers (about 295,000) have Turkish citizenship.

According to Hawasli, many Syrians in Turkey have been in the country for at least 10 years and have rebuilt their lives by finishing their education, starting businesses and starting families.

“How can we resume our lives after we have come a long way to establish ourselves again?” He asked. “How do you get back to a territory that seems safe, but in reality, belongs to different ideologies and is dominated by several armed groups flooded with guns?”

Not all Syrians living in Turkey agree.

Bashar Tikrar, 27-year-old owner of Tal Rifaat, said he couldn’t wait to return to his hometown.

“Syria is the only place to see me calm down,” he told Al Jazeera. “Who else will rebuild the country if it is not a countryman?”

Tikrar left Tal Rifaat in February 2016. It said that about 40% of the buildings were destroyed in the attack just two days before the U.S.-backed Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) took over.

“The area will once again be a safe haven, under the auspices of the Turkish and Syrian national forces,” he said. “My family owned land and a house there, and the PKK did not have the right to rob us of our land.”

Turkey has Tarri Fat One of the goals Of planned military operations aimed at eradicating the Self-Defense Forces

The group consists primarily of YPGs, stating that Turkey is a Syrian branch of the PKK. Both are designated as “terrorists” groups in Turkey.

The PKK fought the war Against the Turkish state since the 1980s.

A Syrian restaurant in the Fatty district of Istanbul. It has a high proportion of the Syrian population.Turkish opposition has launched a campaign to incite Arabic signs, saying that restaurant and store signs should only be written in Turkish. [Hosam Salem/Al Jazeera]

Fear of deportation

Details of possible returns are still unknown.

It is not yet known how the Syrians will return to their country or who will go.

Although Prime Minister Erdogan describes the project as a “voluntary return,” many Syrians are still afraid that there may be scenarios in which refugees are forced to return.

Ghazwan Qoronfol, chairman of the Syrian lawyer group in Istanbul, warned that if the return was forced rather than voluntarily, it would be a “temporary breach of protection that would determine the legal status of Turkish Syrians.” The United Nations 1951 Refugee Convention signed by Turkey.

Over the past year, racist attacks by Turkish opposition parties and campaigns against other immigrants have increased, adding to the economic turmoil of the Turkish lira and the effects of the coronavirus pandemic.

Erdogan said he saidDo not banAlthough Syrian refugees, opposition rhetoric and general uncertainty about how repatriation works also contribute to the panic and fear felt by many Syrians in Turkey.

Syria’s Turkish-controlled territories also do not automatically guarantee security and security, said northern Syria, a highly militarized region targeted by the Al-Assad regime, Iran and Russia, in addition to the conflict. Pointed out that it remains. It breaks out among the armed groups that live there.

“Naturalization or displacement to areas where many Syrians are not from only makes their lives even more difficult,” Qoronfol said.

The intersection of Yusufpasha subway station in the Fatty district of Istanbul
The intersection of Yusufpasha subway station in the Fatty district of Istanbul [Hosam Salem/Al Jazeera]

Additional report by Linah Alsaafin in Doha, Qatar.

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2022/7/20/fear-among-syrian-refugees-over-turkey-voluntary-return-plan Fear of Syrian refugees over Turkey’s “voluntary return” plan | Turkey-Syria Border News

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