Germany is currently facing a dramatic shortage of skilled workers, especially in the medical sector, IT, construction, architecture, engineering and building services. The German government currently expects to have 240,000 jobs by 2026, with no qualified candidates for the positions.
For months, the coalition has been proposing changes to immigration laws to close the labor market gap.
In September, Labor Minister Hubertus Heil presented plans for a new points-based immigration system. This allows non-EU workers to come to Germany and look for work even if there are no vacancies, as long as they meet certain criteria. – called “opportunity cards” (changchen medical record) schema.
Now the coalition has agreed to a broad set of initiatives that will help remove the hurdles for skilled workers coming to Germany. The points were approved by the Cabinet on Wednesday, and the bill is expected to be introduced in the first quarter of 2023.
What do you have in your plans?
A central aim of the government’s plan is to make it easier for people outside the EU to find work in Germany.
In the draft, Ministers distinguish between three so-called pillars. The first of these concerns the requirements that foreign experts must meet to allow me to work in Germany.
Previously, a degree and an employment contract were required, but the government wants to lower this hurdle.
The draft states, “Immigration and residence options should be created for professionals who cannot or can only partially present documentation of their professional qualifications, even though it is not their own responsibility.” said. Competence may be finally checked after arrival in Germany.
Electrician trainees are practicing at the training center in Cologne.Photo: Image Alliance/dpa | Oliver Berg
of second pillar Involve skilled workers from abroad Those who do not yet have a degree but already have a lot of professional experience.
Employees in the information and communications technology sector are exempted from the requirement to have sufficient German language proficiency, and the decision whether to hire such skilled workers is left to the management of the company that made the recruitment. Despite my lack of German language skills.
of The third pillar is to enable citizens of third countries There is a good chance that you will stay in Germany to find a job. “Opportunity Cards” falls under this pillar and includes a new point-based system. This allows non-EU citizens to come to Germany to look for work even when there are no vacancies, as long as they meet at least three of her criteria. A degree or professional qualification, at least 3 years of experience, language proficiency or previous residency in Germany, under 35 years of age.
What other initiatives are included in the plan?
The Signal Union also wants to do more to promote Germany abroad as an attractive, innovative and diverse country.
One initiative is to publish vacancies internationally and connect foreign talent with German employers and educational institutions.
The “Make it in Germany” portal with its own job exchange will be extended and further developed.
The government also wants to popularize German at home and abroad, including by expanding digital language courses and exams.
The government also wants to simplify and accelerate the process of accreditation of foreign vocational qualifications. One of the planned measures is to ensure that the required documents are also accepted in English or the original language.
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