Health officials are taking precautions against high temperatures as heat waves begin to bite

As temperatures continue to rise, the Department of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention advised the public on the importance of taking the necessary precautions to maintain good health and avoid the adverse effects of heat.

Malta will experience a heat wave over the next few days. Daily maximum temperatures are projected to be between 35 ° C and 37 ° C.

High temperatures rapidly drain the body and cause dehydration. Watch out for signs of dehydration. Increased thirst, dry mouth, dark urine, and passing urine are less frequent and less frequent.

According to the authorities, it is important to keep enough water on hot summer days.

High temperatures can also lead to heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Heat exhaustion is caused by the loss of water and salt due to sweating. Common symptoms include weakness, fainting, feeling sick, headaches, muscle cramps, intense sweating, and intense thirst.

Heat stroke is when your body gets cold and your body temperature rises dangerously. This is less common, but more serious and untreated symptoms include confusion, seizures, and loss of consciousness. In such cases, you will need to call 112 for emergency medical care.

The heat can affect everyone, but some people, such as the elderly, babies, toddlers, and people with chronic illnesses, are at high risk of serious harm.

To avoid the effects of heat waves, the following are important:

• Avoid unnecessary exposure to the sun during the hot season, usually from 11:00 am to 4:00 pm.

• Stay cool by staying in the coolest place at home or at work.

• Close the curtains in the room facing the sun to keep the indoor space cool.

• Drink enough water to replenish the hydration lost by sweating and eat more cold foods such as salads.

• Avoid dehydration of liquids. Alcohol, coffee, tea and soft drinks with caffeine can make things worse.

• Wear light and loose clothing.

• Avoid exercising during the hottest hours of the day and choose indoor activity or do it on the coolest mornings.

• Walk in the shade, apply sunscreen, and wear a hat if you need to go out in the heat.

• Do not leave people in closed parked vehicles, especially infants, toddlers and animals.

• Seek medical attention if you have any concerns.

Finally, authorities look for vulnerable or elderly neighbors, family or friends who may be isolated and unable to take care of themselves and make sure they can stay cool during the heat wave. I recommended that.

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