Middle East

How much of the Soviet era portrays Russia’s policies today?

Some prominent Russians are still pushing the memory of the Soviet Union today to lead the country to stability and global influence.

Russian President Vladimir Putin has repeatedly been in power Called Several times in the international community to praise the Soviet Union’s role in defeating Nazi Germany and to recognize the price paid by the Russians. Given Hitler’s victory over Germany as a source of national pride, many Russians still celebrate this issue like Putin.

The Soviet Union (Soviet Union of Socialist Republics) was formed after the Russian Civil War and was the world’s first communist country, which survived from 1922 to the collapse of 1991. The Soviet Union was a one-party state run by the Communist Party. Soviet Union.

The Soviet Union was an adventurous, expansionist, and ambitious nation with foreign policy that did not hesitate to claim both soft and hard power.

In an essay titled “”The real lesson of the 75th anniversary of World War II“Putin said he needed to remember the” grand “and” catastrophic victory over Nazism “as a result of the Soviet Union. Putin bragged that the Soviet determination towards the Nazis “saved the whole world.” Historical debt.

[Soviet soldiers raising the Soviet flag at the Capitol on May 2, 1945. (Yevgeny Khhaldei / Caspiannews.com)

But this is not an extraordinary rhetoric among Russian politicians. In 2011, former Russian President Dmitry Medvedev expressed nostalgia for the Soviet Union at a press conference with Prime Minister Putin in the Kremlin, suggesting that the new Eurasian Union that Moscow wants to create will be built on the highest values ​​of the Soviet Union. Did.

Over the past few years, Russian expansionism has been witnessed in Ukraine, Syria, Libya, and other parts of Africa, reminiscent of the Soviet era.

Who raises the question, what has changed, and what hasn’t changed?

According to Moscow-based Eurasian experts, Esref Yalcinkilicli, Putin, and the Russian elite have more in common than you might imagine.

“Russia still seeks to maintain its Soviet heritage through a’close-to-foreign’strategy, and’Generation Z’needs to be persuaded by something to be integrated, thus substituting nationalism in the lack of a sense of communism. I’m trying.

“May 8-9, the day the Soviet Union entered Berlin, is still celebrated, and all these issues are used to build an identity by Putin to maintain today’s nationalist Russia. “It was done,” Yalcinkilicli told TRT World.

Today, Russia enjoys the fifth largest economy in the world, with GDP of $ 1.7 trillion.

Not only does Russia “have such economic potential,” Yalcinkilicli states, “when Putin hands over economic power to them, he faces the threat of oligarchs.”

“If Moscow cannot resolve income fraud, Russia is well aware that it cannot become a great power. The post-Soviet transition process is still here for the country.”

Samuel Ramani, a lecturer in politics and international affairs at Oxford University, states that “Russia continues to maintain a patriarchal attitude towards other former Soviet republics,” which is a regular sovereignty. It has led to the abolition.

Ramani believes that the Russian people have been firmly fond of Soviet rule and that every effort to reclaim Soviet territory, such as the annexation of the Crimea and the invasion of Donbas, will generate widespread public support. increase.

As the Russian Communist Party gathers to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, women are surrounded by portraits of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin and Russian Revolutionary Vladimir Lenin.

As the Russian Communist Party gathers to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, women are surrounded by portraits of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin and Russian Revolutionary Vladimir Lenin. (Getty Images)

So how does Russian diplomacy benefit from Soviet heritage?

Soviet-era partnerships with countries such as India, Egypt and Syria shape the country’s current relationships.

“Russia’s perpetual quest to challenge its recognition as a great power and the international legal order dominated by the West also stems from nostalgia for the status of the Soviet superpower,” Ramani told TRT World.

Also, within Russia, there is a relatively common story that the Soviet Union represented a period of stability compared to the turmoil that occurred before and immediately after. Like the stories of most countries, Russia is selective in that it, for example, alongside the Nazis, obscures some Soviet occupation of Poland in 1939.

“Putin used the story to portray himself as a source of stability in a volatile world,” said Ewan Lawson, Associate Fellow of the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI).

“Furthermore, he suggests that he is the only leader who can deliberately destabilize Russia and counter Western efforts to undermine Russia. This weakness contrasts with the strength of the Soviet era. “Lawson tells TRT World.

Lawson sees similarities between the Soviet Union, but says there is a significant difference in the clear lack of support from satellite states and the lack of a clear central idealism.

“The former is reflected in Russia’s efforts to destabilize its neighbors in Eastern Europe. The latter is reflected in information campaigns about issues with adversaries, not about Russia’s greatness.” Lawson said.

What are the similarities?

According to Lawson, the similarities are “seen in tools and technology, but the digital revolution has changed the way they are deployed and their potential impact,” and “more globally,” the enemy’s enemies are friends. ” Seems to have an approach. “And anyone who opposes the United States and the West will work with them. “

Russian leaders emphasize that Russia wants to be taken seriously as an international player.

It’s a huge size, and natural resources mean it can be an economic force, yet this is “mostly wasted by the corruption and wealth that accumulates in the minority,” Lawson said. increase.

“In international politics, it seems that its main approach is to act as a spoiler for the United States and its allies. It is difficult to see many states eager to partner with Russia, This limits Russia’s ambitions, where the Soviet Union’s legacy as a partner in the North-South issue could develop further outside the military territory represented by the activities of the Wagner Group. “

Participants shout slogans with placards at an anti-war rally in the Crimean town of Bakhchisarai on March 5, 2014 (Reuters).

Participants shout slogans with placards at an anti-war rally in the town of Crimea in Bakhchisarai on March 5, 2014 (Reuters) (Reuters)

According to Yalcinkilicli, Russia’s current stance towards the West is based on “military realism,” and domestically Moscow faces “Dutch disease.” This is an increase in economic development in certain sectors and a decrease in others.

“Russia has serious problems because 60% of Russia’s energy demand depends on hydrocarbons,” explains Yalcinkilicli.

“The nationalism that Putin wants to create in Russia is damaging to itself. Russia needs at least 20-30 years to sort out financial problems and redesign its economic structure, so beware of China. Must be. “

Yalcinkilicli says that investment-related issues remain the main issue, even though Russia does not yet have a free market economy and real estate and Putin has succeeded in making Russia the 30th best country for investment. I am saying.

“If Russia does not focus on its economic reality, it will be militaryly defeated as its people face hunger and poverty.”

Source: TRT World

https://www.trtworld.com/magazine/how-much-of-the-soviet-era-paints-russia-s-policies-today-53190?utm_source=other&utm_medium=rss How much of the Soviet era portrays Russia’s policies today?

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