Phobia is a type of anxiety disorder that causes irrational and excessive fear.
If you have a phobia, you will probably experience a deep sense of fear after you encounter it and before the expected encounter of your fears and panics.
Phobia, unlike general phobia Anxiety disorderIs usually specific and can elicit extreme fear of a particular object, situation, or location. The severity of phobias can range from simply annoying to completely ineffective. People with phobias are well aware that their fears are unreasonable, but they cannot help.
According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), there are three types of phobias.
- Specific phobia. Unreasonably strong fear of a particular trigger. These are known as simple phobias and are associated with causes that may not occur frequently in daily life, such as snake phobias. Therefore, this type of phobia is unlikely to affect daily life.
- Social phobia. Strong fear of public humiliation or judgment in social situations. For people with this kind of phobia, the idea of attending a large gathering is horrifying. This should not be mistaken for being shy or introverted.
- Agoraphobia. Often misunderstood as a fear of open space, it is actually a fear of situations that make it difficult for an individual to leave if they experience a serious panic. This happens, for example, if you are using an elevator or if you are using public transport. People with agoraphobia are also at increased risk of developing panic disorder.
People with complex phobias such as social phobia and agora phobia can avoid these triggers as they can be as easy as leaving home or in large numbers. It can be difficult.
Other types of phobias include:
Fear of flying: I’m afraid to fly
Dental phobia: Fear of dentists and dental treatment
Blood phobia: Fear of blood and injury
Public phobia: Fear of speaking in front of the audience
Claustrophobia: Fear of closed or tight spaces
Fear of the dark: Fear of night and darkness
Cynophobia: Fear of dogs
Hypochondriasis: Fear of getting sick
What are the symptoms of phobia?
People with phobias may experience the following symptoms that are generally common:
- Feel uncontrollable anxiety when exposed to sources / triggers of fear.
- I feel that triggers must be avoided.
- If exposed to a trigger, it will not function properly.
- The perception that fear is irrational and exaggerated, but it does not control the feelings of fear that occur when exposed to a trigger.
The most common symptom of an individual experiencing phobia is a panic attack. This can sometimes be quite invalid, and the most common signs are:
- Racing heart
- Nausea of the stomach
- Unable to speak / rapid speech
- High blood pressure
- Shivering / shivering
- Chest tightness / chest pain
- Dizziness / dizziness
- Excessive sweating
- A strong sense of imminent fate
- Hot flashes or chills
For children, parents can observe that phobia causes tears, clinging, and tantalum. Sometimes children even hide behind their parents or even behind things.
What Causes Phobia?
People who have a genetic predisposition to anxiety may be at increased risk of developing phobias. Different types of phobia appear to have different risk factors, from age to socioeconomic status and gender. For example, women are more likely to experience zoophobia, and children with low socioeconomic status are more likely to experience social phobia.
Phobia can be caused by stressful experiences, horrific events and encounters. Phobia can also be “learned” from family, parents, or close friends. In general, most phobias begin in early childhood, and it is rare for phobias to begin after the age of 30.
How is phobia treated?
The good news is that phobias are generally considered treatable. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most common treatment for phobias and involves exposure to the cause of fear in a controlled environment. This helps to make people unconditional to alleviate the associated anxiety.
CBT focuses on identifying and changing negative thoughts, dysfunctional beliefs, and negative reactions to situations / experiences. The new technology uses virtual reality to take advantage of the latest technology and safely expose people to triggers.
The use of antidepressants and anxiolytics also helps to calm the emotional and physical response to fear. These are often used in combination with medications and specialized treatments for best results.
Phobia can cause genuine long-term distress to affected people. However, in most cases they are treatable and can be avoided. If you suspect phobia, feel free to see a doctor.
Maha El Akoum, MPH, is a public health expert currently working as Content Head of the World Innovation Summit for Health. [WISH]..
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