Middle East

How Russia and China are approaching anxiety in Kazakhstan

The two countries are competing for influence over the establishment of Kazakhstan, but are on the same page when it comes to opposition to the Astana color revolution.

Kazakhstan is the richest country in Central Asia, with huge gas and oil reserves, but also in the strategic region between Russia and China. All of this has become an important state for both Beijing and Moscow.

Russia and China Alignment On many issues against increasing political pressure in the West, they also reserve that the other party is exerting a great deal of influence over a country like Kazakhstan.

The two countries agree on several things, including the prevention of another color revolution in the most important states of Central Asia. The color revolution of Ukraine and Georgia, which are former Soviet republics like Kazakhstan, has expelled pro-Russian leaders who form pro-Western governments.

As a result, Russia is not interested in changing the regime of the former Soviet territory.

Russia’s President Vladimir Putin said, “The measures taken by the CSTO (Collective Security Treaty Organization) have made it clear that the situation in our homes will be destabilized and that the so-called color revolution scenario will not be carried out.” rice field. Said, Reacts to Kazakh anxiety.

Russia sent troops to Kazakhstan under the Moscow-led security alliance CSTO, now under Armenia’s command, to help Tokaev quell the rebellion. Tokaev invited Russian troops to help stabilize the political situation.

China, which was upset by the protests at Tiananmen Square in democracy decades ago and has recently been wary of Hong Kong’s demands for democracy, is opposed to a similar revolution.

“At a crucial moment, you took decisive and effective measures and quickly regained calm. China opposes foreign troops to plot a” color revolution “in Kazakhstan,” Xi Jinping said. He told Kazakhstan President Kassym-Jomart Tokaev. According to Chinese state media.

In his latest statement, Tokaev also suggested that all rebels would be coordinated by a single center without a formal name and blame foreign powers with Western qualifications.

“Armed militants waiting on the wings joined the protest. The main goals were clear: the collapse of the constitutional order, the destruction of government agencies, the seizure of power. It was a coup attempt.” Tokaev said.

In Almaty, Kazakhstan, troops are seen in the main square, where hundreds of people were protesting the government after authorities decided to raise the price limit for liquefied petroleum gas. (Mariya Gordeyeva / Reuters)

Along with Tokaev, Chinese and Russian leaders agreed that the rebellion was organized externally and vaguely referred to the Western Union.

“This is because destructive internal and external forces have taken advantage of the situation,” Putin said, citing general anger at the Kazakh government’s increase in the price of 100% liquefied petroleum gas (LPG).

Both states are also closely watching the Turkic nationalist movement, as China and Russia have a significant Turkic population in Central Asia, including Kazakhstan.

Russian interests

Kazakhstan is extremely important to Russia for both historical and political reasons.

The first Central Asian rebellion against the Russian Empire began in 1916 in what is now Kazakhstan under Russian occupation. The rebellion later stimulated the Basmachi uprising and sought to establish independent Islamic Turkish politics throughout Central Asia in the 1920s. Both rebellions failed as the Soviet Union continued to dominate much of the region.

Beyond history, Central Asian states are also important for Russia, as Russia has a large population, predominantly concentrated in northern Kazakhstan.Kazakh leader under former President Nursultan Nazarbayev Pursuing nationalist policy To increase the population of Kazakhstan.

Nazarbayev’s policy appeared to be successful, as Kazakhstan’s population exceeded 68% in 2020, while Russia’s population was about 19%. Russia’s population is still large in Kazakhstan, but it is incomparable to the demographics of the former Soviet Union.

In 1970, the Kazakhs ceased to be the majority in Kazakhstan due to the Soviet’s constant policy of population exchange between different republics. Russia’s population was 43%, but in Kazakhstan 50 years ago, only 32% were Kazakhs.

Nazarbayev and Tokaev continue to be in line with Russia’s foreign policy externally, but Moscow under Putin’s administration is wary of the rise of Kazakh nationalism. Some Russian analysts also seem to believe that some Kazakh nationalism may be behind violent protests.

“As the situation in Kazakhstan changes and radical nationalists take power, Russia’s policies will change.” Warned Andrey Korznov, Secretary of the Russian Council for International Affairs, a Moscow-based think tank.

“Problems can arise and can be resolved in a variety of ways,” Korznov said, referring to Kazakh’s anxieties without clarifying how to resolve the Kremlin’s dispute.

Russian President Vladimir Putin is not tolerant of another color revolution in Kazakhstan. He speaks with President Kassym-Jomart Tokaev of Kazakhstan.

Russian President Vladimir Putin is not tolerant of another color revolution in Kazakhstan. He speaks with President Kassym-Jomart Tokaev of Kazakhstan. (Mikhail Klimentyev, Sputnik / AP Archive)

China profit

China also has many interests in Kazakhstan. However, it behaves quite differently from Russia and uses soft power equipment to influence Kazakhstan.

First of all, Kazakhstan is on the route of China’s Ambitious Belt and Road Initiative. As a result, Kazakhstan’s instability will increase Beijing’s concerns about the safety of routes throughout Central Asia.

Second, China has a strong Bitcoin mining business in Kazakhstan.There is Some claims China’s large-scale Bitcoin business put great stress on Kazakh’s electricity supply, causing power outages and infuriating locals for several days before the protest. According to experts, the rise in LPG prices has turned the electricity-based anger into a big protest.

Third, China faces ethnic claims of all kinds throughout its vast territory, fearing that Kazakh insecurity could provoke rebellion against some in China’s Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. I don’t want to.

“Will terrorist organizations like the Turkistan Islamic movement be encouraged by the Kazakh riots? The situation is certainly unpredictable.” Pan Guan said, Mentioning the Uighur group in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Director of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Research Center of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences.

Source: TRT World

https://www.trtworld.com/magazine/how-russia-and-china-are-approaching-unrest-in-kazakhstan-53502?utm_source=other&utm_medium=rss How Russia and China are approaching anxiety in Kazakhstan

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