Middle East

How to advance the relationship between Turkey and Saudi Arabia

A normalizing wind is blowing across the Middle East, calming the Gulf and connecting Turkey and Egypt. The latest reconciliation seems to be taking place between Turkey and Saudi Arabia.

Tensions across the Middle East began to ease with the normalization of the Gulf between Turkey’s ally Qatar last year and the Saudi Arabia-UAE block, which implemented a strict blockade against Doha in 2017. The latest signs are after the announcement by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. His visit to Riyadh next month.

The two largest economies in the Middle East have usually enjoyed a heartfelt relationship until the murder of Saudi Arabia’s dissident journalist Jamal Khashoggi at the Istanbul Consulate in Saudi Arabia in 2018. Orde Killing.

Since then, many significant developments have been made throughout the Middle East, from the killing of Qasem Soleimani to the return to the table of negotiations with Iran in the United States to get the core trade back on track.

As Washington suggests regaining Middle East policy, US ally Saudi Arabia needs a strong army like Turkey to ensure security against a country like Iran. Riad and Tehran have opposed policies throughout the region, from the Yemeni War to Lebanon. In Yemen, the pro-Iranian Houthis is fighting Saudi-led troops, while the Shiite group Hezbollah, who has close ties to Tehran, poses a danger to Bayroot’s pro-Saudi political allies.

In recent years, trade relations between Ankara and Riyadh have diminished due to political tensions, but the two countries are now trying to develop bilateral economic relations to strengthen their respective economies. Ankara also wants Riyadh to end the boycott of Saudi Arabia’s unofficial Turkish products. This is a by-product of the sour relationship.

Prior to the recent reconciliation with Saudi Arabia, in 2020 Turkey and Egypt made diplomatic efforts to mitigate the differences between the Arab Spring and the 2013 military coup in Cairo. The United Arab Emirates and Turkey have normalized relations after Prince Mohammed Binzaid Arnachan of Abu Dhabi visited Ankara in November and met with President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Ankara and Abu Dhabi have signed a contract to invest in energy and technology when Crown Prince Mohammed Binzaid Arnachan officially visits Turkey for the first time in nearly a decade. (AA)

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After the killing of Khashoggi, relations between Turkey and Saudi Arabia froze, but President Erdogan and King of Saudi Arabia Salman continued to exchange messages with the channel open.

In July, Turkey’s Foreign Minister Mebrut Chabsogur met with Saudi Arabia’s counterpart Faisalbin Farhan and explained: “Fruit meeting”. In August, Turkish Presidential spokesman Ibrahim Karin said announcement Some positive developments that can end the stalemate between the two states.

Communication between the two countries improved as Kabsoguru said in the fall of 2021 that “if both sides take action, relations with Saudi Arabia will return to normal.”

When Prime Minister Erdogan visited Qatar last month, the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia and the President of Turkey I was able to meet, But the meeting didn’t happen. “Turkey is closer to opening to Saudi Arabia than Iran and may gradually reconcile.” Hisham Argannam said, Analyst in Saudi Arabia in December.

Overall, MBS’s welcome to Erdogan in February shows that communication has evolved to a level where both sides can sort out the differences.

What can Saudi Arabia and Turkey normalization provide?

The sour relationship between the two has not benefited either country. Financially and politically. By resuming their relationship, both Saudi Arabia and the Turks have been able to deepen the normalization process throughout the Middle East and put an end to regional fatigue over the last decade.

It may also help the two countries develop their ties in the field of military technology.Saudi Arabia The third largest spender in the world In terms of military spending, according to 2018 figures, Turkey has a growing vibrant defense industry, especially producing its own unique drones.

Turkiye sells drones from Ukraine to Azerbaijan, Libya and several other African states. Many experts believe that Turkish drones played an important role in Azerbaijan’s victory over Armenia in the conflicting Karabakh region. Turkish drones have also shown their effectiveness in other conflicts such as the Libyan Civil War.

The UAE, one of the most influential states of the Gulf countries, has normalized relations with Israel, but Saudi Arabia is reluctant to do the same and is a partner to help secure profits in vulnerable areas. You may need to look for.

Despite recent reconciliation efforts, tensions between Tehran and Riyadh continue, as the Biden administration is still reluctant to reach out to Riyadh and reorganize relations on a better basis. As a result, Riad and Ankara can cooperate on common security interests, especially in the field of military technology.

“Improved relations with Turkey offer reasonable options to help Saudi Arabia break out of the current spiral, especially if the United States and the new Iranian government have reached an agreement on the implementation of the JCPOA.” Ali Bakir and Eyup Ersoy write: In an October article, two experts on Middle East issues.

Source: TRT World



https://www.trtworld.com/magazine/how-turkiye-saudi-ties-can-move-forward-53309?utm_source=other&utm_medium=rss How to advance the relationship between Turkey and Saudi Arabia

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