Europe

Macron ends France’s EU Presidency at four global summits

French President Emmanuel Macron, who was badly hurt in parliamentary elections and robbed the majority of the party group’s ensemble, will focus on international politics for the last few days of France’s Presidency of the European Union.

The week ended with the last EU Council chaired by France. On Sunday, the G7 will meet in southern Germany. On Monday, NATO members will meet in Brussels and June will end with the Lisbon Ocean Meeting.

Ukraine topped the agenda at the EU Parliament.

According to the 29-point conclusion written by President “France 22”, the Brussels group repeated “resolute condemnation” of Russia’s aggression and said it would continue anti-Russian sanctions while providing Ukraine with military and macro-financial support. ..

However, the most anticipated result was the EU, which grants Ukraine and Moldova the predominantly iconic “(EU) candidate status”.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky welcomed this decision. However, angry Balkan leaders criticized Brussels for a deadlocked bid for participation.

Albania’s Prime Minister, Edi Rama, warned against unreasonable hopes for a swift process.

“North Macedonia is a 17-year candidate if I haven’t lost the count. Albania is from the age of eight. Welcome to Ukraine,” Lama said.

The Kremlin downplayed the decision. Spokesperson Dmitry Peskov called it a domestic European issue.

“It is very important for us that all these processes do not bring us further problems and do not bring more problems in our relationship with these countries,” he said.

Macron said the decision by EU leaders sent Russia a very strong signal that Europeans upheld Ukraine’s pro-Western aspirations.

Georgia has not yet received honor.

According to EU memos, the country suffers from many shortcomings, including excessive political polarization, insufficiently independent and unaccountable state institutions, and corruption. The memo says that a process called “deoligoization” has not made enough progress.

Strong signal

Macron has joined EU leaders Charles Michel and Ursula von der Reyen in Schloss Ermau, Bavaria as leaders of one of the seven most advanced countries in the world, this time an annual event hosted by Germany. Participate in the G7 conference.

The G7 communiqué says the group must send a strong signal of unity in such a turbulent era. “Solidarity and close cooperation are needed to mitigate the effects of Russia’s war on Ukraine,” the communiqué added.

Argentina, India, Indonesia, Senegal and South Africa have also been invited.

Apart from the situation in Ukraine, G7 members also seem to be concerned about the rise of China.

Many of the conferences may include “cooperation on foreign and security policies” that may include promoting partnerships for infrastructure and investment to counter China’s Belt and Road Initiative, and more active cooperation in the Indo-Pacific region. Focus on.

It also discusses climate, food security, and the fight against cybercrime in the form of “rule-based digital governance.”

The group of industrialized nations that currently make up the G7 was founded with the United States, West Germany, France, the United Kingdom and Japan during the oil crisis of 1973. This “Group of Five” expanded in Italy in 1975 and in Canada in 1976.

In 1997, Russia was included in what became the G8. However, after occupying the Crimean Peninsula in 2014, he was banished from the group.

“Self-defense right”

After that, most of the G7 leaders will attend the NATO summit in Madrid from June 28th to 30th.

The crisis in Ukraine seems to have accelerated the alliance’s determination to strengthen itself again.

According to a statement on the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) website, “strong military and financial support” is provided “to help Ukraine maintain its right to self-defense,” which is enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations. Has been done. “

“This is based on years of NATO training and support since Russia illegally annexed Crimean in 2014,” the statement added.

Since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on February 24, former neutral nations such as Finland and Sweden have announced their intention to join the alliance.

Nato also announces key strategic concepts that are reviewed every decade or so.

The final strategic concept was adopted at the 2010 Lisbon Summit. The new ones are still relevant and are built on the elements of the 2010 concept that show adjustments to Europe’s new strategic order.

Did NATO’s expansion drive Vladimirputin to war?

Meanwhile, Macron has sought to navigate France through the turmoil of geopolitical pitfalls.

Apart from the crisis in Ukraine, there is growing concern about China’s growing influence in the Pacific. This has a direct impact on France’s interests in New Caledonia and French Polynesia. Partly due to tensions with Australia, we plan to build a stronger European-based defense with less reliance on NATO.

“Main counterpart”

In a June essay published by the prestigious Institut Montaigne, former diplomat Michel Duclos said the Ukrainian conflict caused divisions within the EU and Macron upheld dialogue with Russia on the tougher lines of the Baltic nations. I point out that. Poland.

Duclos suggests that Macron should position himself more strongly against Russia, while emphasizing NATO’s central role as a European defense mechanism.

France should also try to limit the impact of sanctions on developing countries, which see the Ukraine issue as merely a Western issue.

At the One Ocean Summit in Brest, 30 countries promise to do more to protect the ocean

At a video conference with African Union leaders on June 20, Zelensky struggled to generate the attention of the few African leaders who appeared.

They were more worried about the increasingly dire food situation developing in Africa as a direct result of the war between the two largest grain suppliers in the world.

France can play a role here, says Ducclot. “We should listen more to the concerns of countries affected by war and sanctions,” he added.

According to Duclos, Macron is Europe’s “major counterpart of US President Joe Biden,” regardless of whether France is the EU Presidency.

This needs to discuss sharing responsibility in the United States’ increasingly strong focus on the Indo-Pacific region, where France is of great interest in the form of New Caledonia and French Polynesia, where France is surrounded by vast French waters. Means that.

China expands its military power to France’s border with the Solomon Islands

France’s relations with the United States and Australia were severely damaged by the creation of the AUKUS Security Agreement between Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States in September 2021 and the $ 1 billion submarine transaction with French shipbuilder Naval Group was cancelled. It was done.

However, relations are improving as Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese will meet Macron in France next week.

Plastic pollution and marine life

The end of the summit that Macron attends is about nature. The United Nations Maritime Conference in Lisbon (27-July 1) is co-sponsored by the governments of Kenya and Portugal.

It began in 2017 to discuss the devastating effects of global warming, pollution and overfishing on marine ecosystems by state and government heads, civil society representatives, businessmen, scholars and scientists. Provides a platform for.

The French Government’s Department of Biodiversity will take the lead in launching marine protected areas, biodiversity and global warming partnerships.

In February, Macron held the One Ocean Summit in Brest, northwestern France. It presented the idea of ​​an international treaty to combat plastic pollution, protect France’s Antarctic Circle, and develop marine-protected areas on the high seas outside the jurisdiction of any one country. ..

Originally published on RFI

http://www.swedennews.net/news/272598305/macron-ends-french-eu-presidency-with-four-global-summits Macron ends France’s EU Presidency at four global summits

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