Mexico confirms first case of monkeypox

According to Hugo Lopez-Gatell, Deputy Minister of Health of Mexico, the first confirmed case of monkeypox in Mexico was reported on Saturday.

Lopez Gatel said on Twitter that the patient was a 50-year-old permanent resident of New York being treated in Mexico City.

“He was probably infected in the Netherlands,” wrote Lopez Gatel. He added that the patient was isolated and in a stable condition.

On Friday, Argentina became the first Latin American country to report cases of monkeypox.

Outbreaks of viral disease have been reported in about 20 countries where monkeypox is not endemic, with more than 200 confirmed or suspected infections, primarily in Europe.

Monkeypox spreads through close contact and was first found in monkeys, but the outbreak is alarming because it occurs mostly in West Africa and Central Africa and, very rarely, elsewhere.

Monkeypox is transmitted from person to person through direct contact. It is not spread by air, water or food. Due to the low efficiency of transmission, there are generally isolated cases or small outbreaks rather than general epidemics.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are always people who can have complications, but in most cases the symptoms go away spontaneously in a few weeks.

Can monkeypox die?

The answer is yes, but so far the percentages are very low. Studies show that newborns, children, and people with immunodeficiency may be at risk of death from more severe symptoms and illness.

According to WHO reports, 3-6% of infectious diseases identified in areas where monkeypox is endemic have died.

In addition, more serious complications include skin infections, pneumonia, confusion, and eye infections that can lead to vision loss.

Studies show that many cases are children or people who may be in other health conditions.

It should also be taken into account that these numbers can be overestimated due to the limited accounting of cases in endemic countries.

What are the symptoms of monkeypox?

Experts have shown that common symptoms are fever, muscle aches, severe headaches, swollen lymph nodes, rashes or skin lesions, and low energy.

The key to malaise is that skin rashes usually appear between the first and third days of fever.

WHO reported that vaccination against smallpox was discontinued in 1980 because it became the first disease to eradicate smallpox.

In that sense, the youngest is likely to sign it. However, people who have been vaccinated against smallpox should also take precautions to protect themselves and others.

More severe and life-threatening symptoms can be experienced by newborns, children, and people with underlying immunodeficiency. Healthcare workers are also at high risk of transmission due to long-term exposure to the virus.

Avoid the transmission of monkeypox

Francisco Monroy López, an expert in the Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health at UNAM’s Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Engineering (FMVZ), pointed out that some considerations need to be considered to prevent people from becoming infected.

In the first place, experts pointed out that the virus is resistant to mutation, that is, stable and adaptable to new conditions. There are three main factors in understanding why an illness occurs in a previously nonexistent state.

“It has to do with agents, that is, viruses that may be better adapted to different situations. Because the proportion of the immunized population is less than 30% (humans when the disease was declared eradicated in 1980). The application of the vaccine against smallpox has been discontinued), which is transmitted to the population by similar viruses such as the monkeypox virus. “

The third, he pointed out, is the environment, as the disease may be in a favorable position for the spread. “The natural way to get the virus is to come into contact with reservoirs, rodents, or endemic animals. There is also illegal trade in alien species on an international scale, from which infections can occur. You also have to think about the fact that the cause of what is happening can be one, two, or a combination of all of those factors. “

So far, there is no cure for the virus, and only some antiviral drugs have been tested to see if it helps improve patients.

Monroy Lopez thought he needed to pay attention to symptoms such as headaches, muscle aches and fever. If they occur, you should see a doctor.

“The main care is quarantine, strict quarantine, and monitoring of the people that the patient comes in contact with and quarantine them too.”

Those who have to travel to the country where the incident occurred should take precautions and avoid contact with others. The measures implemented in COVID-19 are equally effective against monkeypox.

“Use face masks, hand wash and healthy distances. The latter will help reduce the risk of getting this disease to near zero. In addition, pay attention to the signs that authorities can provide in this regard, the world. You should go to a reliable source such as a health agency and avoid contact with or obtaining wild or exotic animals.

He should already have research related to illness and emergency planning in order for the Ministry of Health to immediately prevent the disease from progressing among the inhabitants and to establish a sanitary fence to contain it. I pointed out. Mexico confirms first case of monkeypox

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