Mikhail Gorbachev dies at 91 – The Romania Journal

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Russian news outlets quoted hospital officials on Tuesday as saying Mikhail, who indiscriminately ended the Cold War but failed to prevent the collapse of the Soviet Union, Reuters and AFP reported. Gorbachev has died at the age of 91.

“Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev passed away this evening after a serious and long illness.” Central Clinical Hospital reported.

Mikhail Gorbachev, the last Soviet president, signed an arms reduction pact with the United States and partnerships with the West to remove the Iron Curtain that had divided Europe since World War II, leading to the reunification of Germany. I came to

During pro-democracy protests in 1989 in the communist-bloc Soviet-bloc countries of Eastern Europe, he refrained from using force. He was unlike previous Kremlin leaders who sent tanks to crush uprisings in Hungary in 1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968.

But the protests, fueling the aspirations of the Soviet Union’s 15 republics for autonomy, collapsed in chaotic fashion over the next two years.

Becoming general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party in 1985 at the age of 54, he set out to revitalize the system by introducing limited political and economic freedoms, but his reforms got out of hand. rice field. Gorbachev then declared that the Soviet economic system had become rigid and needed immediate restructuring.

Initially, his reforms were known as “uskorenie” (acceleration), but later the term “perestroika” (reconstruction) became more common. His policy, “glasnost” (freedom of speech), not only allowed hitherto unthinkable criticism of political parties and the state, but nationalists began to seek independence in the Baltic states such as Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. was encouraged.

In December 2021, 30 years after the collapse of the Soviet Union, as Russian troops massed on the Ukrainian border, Mikhail Gorbachev gave his final interview, blaming the West and the United States. Gorbachev spoke of “American arrogance” and the West’s intentions to build an “empire” realized through NATO expansion.

“In a situation where arrogance, complacency has entered the minds of Americans, they have declared themselves the winners of the Cold War, and we have saved the world from conflict,Gorbachev said in a final interview with news agency Leah Novosti in December. Mikhail Gorbachev dies at 91 – The Romania Journal

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