Europe

Milan-Bologna is a “workshop” for a new equilibrium-EU Studies-English

(ANSA)-Brussels, June 30-Urban regions have replaced cities in the international economic scene, eliciting new power relations between territories and playing an unprecedented role in capitalist territorial restructuring. This is not a neutral process, but on the one hand it contributes to the creation of new spaces, the precursors of conflict and imbalance, and on the other hand the promotion of new territorial protagonists and new political dynamics.
Created by the EU’s ESPON research program, specializing in regional analysis and under the leadership of the Polytechnic University of Milan, the Imagine research project focuses on impact and is an ongoing regionalization in the area between Milan and Bologna. Focuses on the process of. The impact of high-speed corridors on the social and economic dynamics of the region.
The situation that emerges is inconsistent in several respects. Social and economic processes that are expanded and integrated at the regional level are now associated with abolished governance mechanisms.
The snapshots taken by researchers are highly productive, densely populated, interconnected area snapshots, organized in a multi-centric structure that can be expected to provide a highly qualified infrastructure.
It is an area rich in strategic areas and urban functions (universities, R & D hubs, airports, exhibition areas) and is based on the interaction of Milan’s urban areas with the multi-center system of medium-sized cities on Emilia Street. I am. hall.
At the institutional level, there is a mix of centrality and networks, and while metropolitan governance seeks to strengthen territorial cohesion, new functional actors have emerged that have the potential to create innovative urban scenarios. Researchers are observing that.
In addition, given the intense urbanization, high levels of air pollutants, and hydrogeological risks that characterize the region, the region shares common environmental issues.
Among the obstacles to regionalization, researchers have identified that regional differentiation is increasing due to different trends in economic development. Erosion of common commodities such as the environment, pressured by the dynamics of the economy and urbanization. There is also a lack of fragmentation and coordination at the urban level.
At this last point, this study shows how fragmentation of governance also affects economic functioning, creating competition and duplication of commodity supply at the local level and affecting the competitiveness of companies in the international market. Is emphasized.
There are many areas of intervention identified by researchers. Regulate organized functions across regions, such as logistics, mobility, utilities, and the environment. Recognize the role of medium-sized cities suffering from increasing attractiveness in metropolitan areas. In the face of the tendency to concentrate functions in metropolitan areas, integrate surrounding areas and mountainous areas. And we see the Milan-Bologna region as an important bioregion for a more sustainable integration of natural and urban systems.
Photo: Bird’s-eye view of Bologna (ANSA).

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