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“Modern Darwin” EO Wilson dies at age 92

Edward O. Wilson, a pioneering American scientist, professor and writer who gave him the nickname “Darwin’s Natural Heir” for his research on insects and Clarion’s call to protect the planet, died at the age of 92. I did.

Wilson, whose death was announced by his foundation yesterday, was an award-winning biologist, longtime Harvard research professor, and regarded as one of the world’s leading authorities on ants and their behavior.
Early in their careers, entomologists have greatly expanded their reach by studying the social interactions of birds, mammals, and humans, as well as insects, effectively and controversial in a new scientific discipline known as sociobiology. Established to brew.
He is the author of hundreds of scientific papers and more than 30 books, two of which have won the Pulitzer Prize for nonfiction. About humanity in 1978 and ants in 1990.
“Ed (the goal of life) was a pure pleasure in the pursuit of knowledge,” said Paula Erich, chairman of the EO Wilson Biodiversity Foundation and co-founder of the Half Earth Project.
“A relentless idea synthesizer, his courageous scientific focus and poetic voice have changed the way we understand ourselves and our planet,” he said. “His greatest hope was for students around the world to share their passion for discovery as the ultimate scientific foundation for the future management of our planet.”
Wilson, who died Sunday in Massachusetts, became famous for his global progress in nature maintenance and advised outstanding science and conservation organizations.
Twenty years ago, Time magazine highlighted his work of mapping ant social behavior and demonstrating that colonies communicate via a system of chemicals now known as pheromones, so he said “20. It’s one of the great careers in the science of the century. “
But his pioneering work is not without controversy.
In many of his 1975 books, Sociobiology, he explained the theory of ethology and received high praise from fellow scientists.
However, in the final chapter, Wilson proposes that human behavior is primarily based on heredity, and that humans acquire predisposition to issues such as gender division of labor, tribalism, male domination, and parent-child ties. That caused a turmoil.
However, his strong reputation as a respected authority in nature was not compromised.
Stephen Pinker, a cognitive scientist at Harvard University, said he was sad about the death of a colleague he called a “great scientist.”
“We disagreed on some things, but that didn’t affect his generosity and willingness to get involved,” Pinker said on Twitter.
Later, Wilson relentlessly talked about the need for environmental responsibility and warned of the possibility of confusion and ruin if humans did not change course.
“Biodiversity is being eroded at an accelerated pace by human activity,” he said in a 2014 lecture at Duke University. “And unless we make it decisive, loss will come at a great price to wealth, security and spirit.”

Last updated: December 28, 2021 0:19 am



http://www.gulf-times.com/story/707011/Modern-day-Darwin-E-O-Wilson-dead-at-92 “Modern Darwin” EO Wilson dies at age 92

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