200,000 to 300,000 Bulgarian people are chronically addicted alcohol Or medicine. Many are experimentally abused. There are also no accurate statistics on psychotropic drug abusers. Drug It is legally stipulated. This is what Pavel Pavlov, creator and director of the “Samo Dnes” (today only) treatment center, said in an interview with BTA.
He represents addiction therapists, consultants, and the National Health Defense Union, a national patient organization, on addiction-related issues. He has been working with addicts and their relatives since 2006. He is the founder of Samo Dnes, an association for the prevention and treatment of addiction.
Pavlov was asked to comment on the results of the latest actions of the Interior Ministry for road safety. alcohol Also Drug Found every day.
According to him, the problem of the country is huge. Perhaps all three groups drive and ride scooters, motorcycles and motorbikes.
Pavlov, a group of psychotropic drug abusers, Drug What is legally required can hardly be covered. Many of these drug leaflets have warnings: “Do not operate the machine or use it while driving“But users drive and work, and the available means available to law enforcement agencies can’t explain these substances, experts added.
I was asked if there was an allowance alcohol With its use in our society, Pavlov said more and more people believe that only illegal substance abuse is a serious problem.
“”Looking at world statistics, the most addictive drugs are legally prescribed psychotropic drugs, the second is tobacco, and the third is- alcohol Addiction.The first three places are absolutely legal material“The therapist summarized.
our legal The system, the whole society, is more focused on illegal substances, which brings emotions among the drinkers themselves. alcohol It’s not a mistake for everyone to do that, Pavel Pavlov pointed out.According to him, this is the cause of another problem-the person who uses it Drug They feel they are on top of society. That way, they are more interesting, important, different, and are becoming fashion, especially among the youngest people.
People with addiction affect the lives of the other four on average
COVID’s pandemic, social isolation, and working from home have been particularly devastating to people at risk of addiction.According to a global drug survey in 11 countries earlier last year, 43% of people said they had increased significantly. alcohol According to Pavlov, consumption has increased and one-third of addiction experts have reported increased drug use.
Situation of Bulgaria There is not much difference. The Addiction Prevention and Treatment Association “Samo Dones” reported an increase of more than 50% in consultations and treatment requests last year alone.
Studies in the United States and Russia show that the use of various substances in society is skyrocketing regardless of the cause of the crisis, such as war or economy. This is perceived as a way to deal with the challenges of life. The therapist pointed out. According to Pavlov, the poorest areas of the population also have very serious problems with psychotropic drug abuse.
However, the target of addiction is much larger. According to the publications of Hemfelt, Minirth, and Meier, each addict affects the lives of four other people on average, including his relatives, his loved ones, and colleagues. These are people who are directly involved in the problem and often develop so-called co-dependent symptoms. Experts have pointed out that addiction may be personal, but the suffering it brings is shared.
What do you see when you look at an addicted family? Addiction is a chronic illness, and the therapist points out that the whole family concentrates on the sick and it affects the lives of all.
The family unknowingly begins to serve addiction. There is a moment of stigma where this issue is denied-“It can’t happen to us, it can’t happen to our family“In some cases, relatives deny this problem longer than the addict himself.
After acceptance, care begins for these people, the therapist said, as relatives unknowingly help the addict continue to be abused. They often face inconsistencies in our healthcare system, and they adapt their entire life to these people, Pavlov also pointed out. According to him, everyone lives afraid of how he goes to work and what debt he owes. His parents are looking for children all day long.
If there is a parent in such a state, his child will inevitably develop dysfunctional behavior, the therapist said.
According to Pavlov, this is an endless chain of influences-if the addict is working but does not do his job properly, his colleagues will start hiding him and he will not be fired by his employer. Take over the obligation of.
Prevention saves a lot of public resources
Americans had calculated that investing $ 1 in prevention would save $ 7 in society afterwards, Pavlov said.
According to experts, much has happened in our country in the direction of positive change in recent years, and while modern approaches are being used, there is still much to do. Funding is “fragmented” and there is no unified system, but the idea for such a system has begun-a manual has been created and the trainers for “SamoDnes” have also contributed to this, Pavel Pavlov said. I am.
There are also attempts to amend the law.of BulgariaPeople are put in jail alcohol And substance abuse, but there is no cure there. Some countries have very serious prison treatment systems, but if you haven’t committed a serious crime that requires a prison, go to jail or a treatment center and report on your program. You have a choice. Added Pavel Pavlov through. According to him, such opportunities exist in Poland, generally in developed European countries, and most of the states of the United States.
“”of BulgariaPeople are involved in riots, take aggressive actions after substance abuse, are trapped in psychiatric clinics for a period of time, the crisis is temporarily corrected, released and continued“The therapist said.
Addiction Treatment Center does not yet have a clear status
According to Pavlov, the status of the center for the treatment of addicts is not yet clear and they are legally responsible for social welfare, but as a social activity that leads to VAT payments and other complications. The expert said. Things are still pretty confusing, but the good news is that we are moving in the positive direction. Many changes have been made and many treatment centers have added specialists.
Asked if such treatments are expensive if poor families can afford it, he said he couldn’t really do it because it was so expensive. He pointed out that our center has 12 staff and food, electricity and other certain services are expensive. According to Pavlov, we need to raise donations and funds to help people in financial distress, which is impossible in this crisis.
Therapists pointed out that even if these people had money, delaying treatment would result in debt, and by the time they realized the problem, there was no way to solve it.
According to him, many people also don’t know what the cure is-they call it “Please give me some DrugPlease put me some implants“People are ready to pay for the wrong treatment, and unfortunately there are colleagues who are abusing it-by telling them that it is a treatment, Pavel Pavlov added. ..
Experts pointed out that if the addiction is chronic, the treatment process is very long.According to him, there are people who define that turning one addiction into another has healed themselves – heroin. alcohol, for example. Or, stop drinking, but become benzodiazepine addicted.Some people come in terrible condition and are stuffing legal The substance, a condition not seen by anyone else who abused the illegal substance, said Pavel Pavlov.
According to him, methadone, which is used for treatment in several places, is also more difficult to stop than heroin itself. Treatment can delay the treatment itself, and it also causes irreversible processes in the brain, Pavlov added.
Today’s young people, who start using it at the age of 10-14, have major social problems and the treatment of addiction itself is not so difficult. Their problem is social skills-we literally re-educate them so they can live without abuse, the therapist said.
Asked why the age limit was so low, he said it was sometimes over-developed by parents, television, movies, and an inadequate education system.
He said that our education system teaches little social ability, thousands of unnecessary things are taught, and the right skills to survive in life are not created.
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https://www.novinite.com/articles/215904/Nearly+300%2C000+Bulgarians+regularly+abuse+Alcohol+or+Drugs Nearly 300,000 Bulgarian abuse alcohol and drugs on a regular basis-Novinite.com