Middle East

Pharaoh remains undisturbed by CT scanning technology

Egyptian researchers used CT scanning technology to digitally open the mummy of Amenhotep I, the second pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, without disturbing its beautifully decorated appearance.

Egyptian researchers have introduced non-invasive scanning techniques to unravel the contents of the ancient mummies of Pharaoh Amenhotep I.

SaharN, Department of Radiology, Cairo University. Saleem and Zahi Hawass of ancient Egypt in Cairo, Egypt, led a scan mission to ensure that the mummy of Pharaoh Amenhotep I remains untouched.

Pharaoh Amenhotep I reigned as the second emperor of the 18th dynasty between 1525 and 1504 BC.

Researchers used a CT scan (computed tomography) to look inside the mummy. This method allows you to create a detailed 3D image of what’s inside while maintaining the integrity of the mummy.

Amenhotep I’s mummies are unique in that “all royal mummies discovered in the 19th and 20th centuries have long been open for research.” I will explain.. As an exception, Amonhotep I’s mummy is “perfectly wrapped, beautifully decorated with garlands, and the face and neck are covered with a stunning realistic face mask inlaid with colorful stones.”

Nevertheless, Amenhotep I’s mummies were actually opened by the restorers of the 21st dynasty in the 11th century BC after their mummification and burial. As explained in hieroglyphs, the priest restored and backfilled the royal mummies from the ancient dynasties “to repair the damage caused by the grave robbers.”

“This fact that Amenhotep I’s mummies had never been opened in modern times is not only the way he was first mummified and buried, but also treated twice over the centuries after his death. It gave us a unique opportunity to study the method of reburial. Amenhotep I, a professor of radiology at the University of Cairo School of Medicine and a radiologist at the Egyptian Mummy Project, the lead author of the study. One Dr. Sahar Salim said.

“By digitally opening the mummy and” peeling “the virtual layer (face mask, bandages, mummy itself), we were able to study this well-preserved pharaoh in unprecedented detail,” Salim said. Says.

The skull of the pharaoh, including the teeth, is in good condition. (S. Saleem and Z. Hawas)

“I was about 35 years old when Amenhotep I died. He was about 169 cm tall, circumcised and toothy. In his wrapping, he had 30 amulets and gold beads. She wore a unique golden girdle with a circumcision, “she continued.

“Amenhotep I seemed to be physically similar to his father. He had a narrow jaw, a narrow nose, shrunken hair, and slightly protruding upper teeth,” said Salim. ..

Saleem and Hawas Explanation of Medical frontier The mummy suffered from “multiple post-mortem injuries by grave robbers,” most likely treated with preservatives from the 21st dynasty.

Later monk interventions include: Cover the defect in the anterior abdominal wall with a band and place two amulets under it. Place the removed left upper limb next to your body and wrap it around your body. “

Researchers also said, “The sideways right forearm is individually wrapped, probably representing the original Eighteenth Dynasty mummy, and is considered the first known New Kingdom mummy with arms crossed on the chest. The head mask is made of cartonnage and is inlaid with stone eyes. “

Salim also said: His internal organs were removed by the first mummy, but his brain and heart were not. “

Scientists theorized that the 21st dynasty monks opened the mummies “to reuse the royal burial facilities for later pharaohs,” but proved themselves wrong. did.

They write Medical frontier His mummy was repacked twice by a later priest, saying, “CT images show the extent of Amenhotep I’s mummy damage, including neck fractures and hair loss, major defects in the anterior abdominal wall, and amputations of limb joints. (Upper left limb, right hand, right foot). “

“At least for Amenhotep I, the priests of the 21st dynasty have shown that they have lovingly repaired the injuries caused by the grave robbers, restored the mummies to their original glory, and preserved the magnificent jewelry and amulets in place. “We do,” said Saleem.

Amenhotep I’s mummy was found in Deir el Bahari, southern Egypt, in a royal mummy reburial in 1881. His father, Ahmes I, was the first pharaoh of the 18th dynasty to “exile the invading Hyksos and reunite Egypt.” The rule of Amenhotep is considered to be the Golden Age, and when he died, he and his mother, Ahmes Nefertari, were “worshiped as gods.”

Hawas and Salim have studied more than 40 New Kingdom royal mummies since 2005, 22 of which were moved to a new museum in Cairo in April 2021, including Amenhotep I. The Amenhotep face mask was used as the “royal mummy” icon. A parade held in Cairo in March 2021.

Source: TRT World and distributors

https://www.trtworld.com/life/sleep-well-oh-king-pharaoh-remains-undisturbed-by-ct-scan-technology-53108?utm_source=other&utm_medium=rss Pharaoh remains undisturbed by CT scanning technology

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