Middle East

Qatar FM calls for political reforms to resolve the crisis in Lebanon-Doha News

Qatar officials talked about the relationship between Iran and the Gulf Cooperation Council and the rights of women in Afghanistan.

Qatar’s Foreign Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Altani called for the need to address Lebanon’s political divisions in order to resolve the decades of crisis. This happened during an interview with Newsweek podcast The Diplomat, which was recorded when Sheikh Mohammed was in Washington, DC last month.

When asked about the socio-economic turmoil in Lebanon, Qatari officials said sectarianism contributed significantly to the country’s current state.

“Unfortunately, the people of Lebanon are under a lot of political pressure from their own political leaders, which is what we have just seen in these sectors and happened at the end of the day.”

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Qatar’s diplomats also emphasized how foreign intervention disrupted the division of Lebanon. “”[Lebanon] It was increasingly subject to refueling by foreign troops. This is useless and only the Lebanese are suffering, “he said.

Lebanon has become a place of competition between Saudi Arabia and Iran. Riyadh supports Sunni and Maronite groups, and Tehran supports the Shiite Hezbollah movement.

In 2017, when then-Prime Minister Saad Hariri was summoned to Saudi Arabia, its foreign intervention became more pronounced than ever. Reportedly I was forced to resign.

Sheikh Mohammed, who spoke of efforts to find diplomatic solutions in Lebanon, said the inter-denominational system was still a burden. “We see some political leaders who have a desire to change, but unfortunately there is something in the system that is hindering everyone.”

Qatar officials believe that the only viable solution to a national crisis is true political reform and the national system.

“The only solution in Lebanon is to undertake true political reforms and form a system that is a national system that does not recognize people based on denominations or backgrounds, but based on their actual work qualifications. . “

Lebanon is made up of various social segments, including Shiites, Sunnis, Druzes, Maronites, and other Christian denominations. In 1975, various people engaged in a bloody civil war that lasted for 15 years.It’s over, but the remnants prolong with the Lebanese Officials continue to serve their own interests. In 2019, there was a major protest in Lebanon over a lack of basic resources. People repeated the phrase “everything means everything” (kellon ya’ani kellon), Call on the leader to resign. The situation in the country has deteriorated since the outbreak of Covid-19 and the tragic Beirut explosion on August 4, 2020.

The Lebanese currency has been a big hit since 2019, and Lebanese people have not had access to their money at banks.Beirut is also fighting the power crisis, with most parts 2 hours of electricity a day..upon TuesdayThe Lebanese government has approved $ 18 million to hold a parliamentary election in May for the first time since protests took place.

Qatar previously promised to support the country after it formed a new government.

About Iran

Commenting on negotiations aimed at restoring the 2015 nuclear deal, Sheikh Mohammed said the only option was to deal with Iran. “We don’t want to see an arms race near us near our country. He added that Qatar is in favor of a peaceful nuclear program.

Discussions began in April last year to revive the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan (JCPOA). Despite resuming after Iran’s president Ebrahim Raisi’s election, they have not yet reached a major breakthrough. In response to questions about the dialogue between Iran and the Gulf Cooperation Council, Qatar’s Foreign Minister expressed the importance of having a face-to-face meeting.

“The Gulf countries have some concerns from Iran, so the Iranians themselves have their own concerns from the Gulf countries. Therefore, we need to address their concerns diplomatically, I We have been asking for this for years. “

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Since the signing of the Al-Ula agreement after the three-year GCC crisis, Qatar has offered to mediate between the UAE and Iran. I made the same proposal for Riad and Tehran. Both the United Arab Emirates and Riyadh have been in talks with Iranian officials in recent months. This was seen as an important step following years of competition.

Qatar has long expressed its willingness to resolve disputes through diplomacy.

About Afghanistan

Qatar’s foreign minister said he would continue to ensure that Afghanistan was stable after the Taliban took over.

“We don’t want to see Afghanistan retreat. We don’t want to see the results of the last two decades reversed,” he said.

Gulf countries have encouraged dialogue between the US, EU and interim Afghan governments. He repeatedly called on the international community not to isolate Afghanistan due to disagreements with the Taliban. Sheikh Mohammed said they have not yet witnessed significant progress in the Taliban’s commitment to women’s rights.

“We’ve seen a few small steps, which aren’t that important, but encourage the Taliban to do more and help women return to work and practice normal life. He continues. “He said the situation regarding women’s rights was caused by Taliban domination and socio-economic factors.

“We’ve mainly seen people living in cities, but we shouldn’t ignore the fact that many people in Afghanistan live in villages and remote areas that maintain the same customs and culture,” he said. Said.

“In a country that has been in war for 20 years, I think it’s difficult to tackle just one social problem and not all the others,” added Sheikh Mohammed.


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