Veiled female job seekers receive significantly less positive feedback from Dutch and German employers, according to a new study.
Strong evidence of employment discrimination against Muslim women wearing hijab in the Netherlands and Germany was published in an academic paper published by the European Socialological Review Journal.
Explicit discrimination generally occurred when a job required a face-to-face public transaction with a client or customer. Field experiment..
Researchers also found that veiled women in Spain were less discriminated against than in the Netherlands and Germany.
Three researchers, Marina Fernandez-Reino, Valentina Di Stasio, and Susanne Veit, said that the employer discriminated against all Muslim applicants (unveiled or unveiled), or Muslims such as wearing hijabs and scarves. We have identified whether we have discriminated against only those who adhered to the religious practices of.
They chose a set of candidates and submitted two job listings for each. One application had a photo of wearing a hijab attached, and the other application did not have a hijab attached. The announced religious affiliation of Muslim women was signaled through volunteer activities at the Religious Center.
Job listings ranged from beauticians and clerk to receptionists and salespeople. These professions require a high degree of direct contact with the customer.
The profession chosen has different educational requirements, and cooks, clerk and beauticians generally require lower qualifications than other jobs in all three countries.
In the Netherlands, nearly 70% of job listings, including published female photos, received positive callbacks for jobs that required high customer contact. However, for applications that use hijab-covered photos, the positive rate was 35%.
“The high level of discrimination we have found in the Netherlands, where the institutional context is traditionally open to the acceptance of religious minority rights, is particularly surprising and has recently been directed towards the cultural assimilation of migrants. It shows the probably stigmatizing effect of its policy, “the researchers pointed out.
Similar results were obtained in field experiments in Germany. While 53% of announced Muslim women received positive feedback from their employers, only about 25% of veiled women received replies from the workplace.
But in Spain, the level of discrimination against veiled Muslim women was not statistically significant.
Recent findings complement several studies showing that veiled Muslim women were at a disadvantage in the job market.
A research In 2019, Cornell University’s Doris Weixelbaumer said that in Germany, not only women wearing hijabs, but also women with non-German names suggesting a background of immigrants face discrimination. Was there.
The same applicant who published the German name and photo had a callback rate of 18.8% for the job interview, while the applicant published the Turkish name and photo with a callback rate of only 13.5%.
The Turkish name and scarf combination proved to be the most differentiated section of all applications, with a callback rate of only 4.2%.
According to the latest study published by the European Sociological Review Journal, religiously dressed Islamic candidates can also be unfairly treated in job interviews that do not require direct contact with their customers. ..
Researchers pointed out that employers are disgusted with all kinds of religious clothing, including those worn by men.
Source: TRT World and distributors
https://www.trtworld.com/magazine/denied-jobs-hijab-discrimination-unveiled-in-the-netherlands-germany-59074?utm_source=other&utm_medium=rss Rejected work, hijab “discrimination revealed” Netherlands, Germany