bath: A new review of theoretical models used worldwide to assess, diagnose, study, and treat mental health problems has highlighted the vast number of approaches that exist.
The review was published in “Journal of Mental Health”.
Researchers at the University of Bath (UK) and Bern University of Applied Sciences (Switzerland) have practitioners and researchers by examining more than 100 publications that somehow refer to “mental health” or “mental illness.” We have identified about 34 different theoretical models to use. Users of mental health services to understand the nature of mental health problems.
Importantly, they could not find a standard that could be used to prioritize why one model was used over another. They say that how a mental health problem is understood is important because it has a lasting impact on how people with mental health problems are evaluated and supported. I did.
They focus on biological models (focusing on physical or brain problems), psychological (focusing on mind and behavior), and sociological (focusing on how social situations affect people). A model informed by consumer and cultural considerations (examine the experience of people treated by mental health services and how treatment should be adapted to different cultures).
Previously, policy makers and practitioners sought to form a consensus on the use of the so-called “biopsychosocial model” (a comprehensive term that utilizes the elements of all different models), but this consensus shattered. There seems to be, the researchers say.
The team said their findings were significant given the proliferation of diagnosed mental health problems. According to the Mental Health Foundation, it is estimated that one in six people have experienced common mental health problems in the past week. However, such numbers depended on how mental health problems were understood and measured.
Dr. Jeremy Dixon, a collaborator at the Department of Social and Policy Science and the Center for Social Policy Analysis, University of Bath, explains: The number of mental health conditions specified in the manuals used by general practitioners and psychiatrists. “
Professor Dirk Richter of the Bern University of Applied Sciences said: “Mental health problems are often presented as understood by medicine and psychiatry. Still, there is ongoing debate about what mental health problems are and how to treat them. These are not just academic.
Questions such as “What is a mental health problem?” Or “What counts as a mental illness?” Affects the health care system. They can influence decisions about who may receive mental health services and how behaviors such as aggression are interpreted. “
“One way to solve this problem is to ask service users which model they find most suitable for themselves and their treatment, but as a result, non-medical models are more than willingly accepted by clinicians. It can be important. “
Given the wide range of models used by practitioners, researchers are now more clear about how different mental health models and potentially contracting mental health models can actually be used. I am seeking. They argued that this discussion needed more input from non-healthcare professionals and service users.
“Mental health professionals tend to say that they use the biopsychosocial model in their daily work, but our research shows that this model is shattered. This area is psychiatry and psychology. It has been dominated by, but now the perspectives of service users and other professionals such as nurses and social workers are beginning to be heard, “Dixon added.
“Mental health services need to be aware of the broad perspectives that people who use the service currently have. Instead of insisting that users of the service accept biological or psychological perspectives, they need to be mental health. Experts need to understand and address people’s tastes, “says Professor Richter.
https://www.siasat.com/researchers-call-for-clarity-on-approaching-mental-health-problem-2279226/ Researchers want to clarify their approach to “mental health issues”