Europe

Respiratory tract infections-Portuguese residents

We are all pleased with the fact that European countries have lifted Covid-19 restrictions, while the Covid-19 virus has caused a dramatic pandemic, but many other respiratory organs. It should be remembered that the disease is caused by affecting other viruses and bacteria. Respiratory system.

The story is the same and repeats in the same way. Like different versions of different protagonists, some are more friendly and some are more annoying.

Covid-19 is a nuisance, but there were many other viruses in the past, and many others continue to exist (including the Covid-19 virus), and new viruses are definitely emerging. increase.

Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are infections of parts of the body involved in breathing, such as the sinuses, throat, respiratory tract, and lungs.

Most infectious respiratory diseases (like Covid-19) spread from person to person. This means that if one person at school, at work, at home, or in the community has an infectious respiratory disease, it can spread to others. Spreading can result from direct or indirect contact with the air or infected individuals.

Many of the bacteria that cause respiratory illnesses are spread by droplets from coughing and sneezing. These bacteria usually spread from person to person when an uninfected person is in close contact with a sick person.

Viral pathogens are the most common cause of respiratory infections. Causative agents include rhinovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, influenza virus, parainfluenza virus, human metapneumovirus, scab, mumps cold, adenovirus, and coronavirus.

Viral respiratory tract infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and represent a huge financial and disease burden.

Through a pandemic, people have learned that the virus replicates in the respiratory tract and is transmitted by respiratory secretions, which depends on many variables such as environmental factors such as humidity and temperature, congestion of people, and host factors.

Respiratory tract infections can range from asymptomatic to acute life-threatening illnesses and pose a major health threat to infants, the elderly, and people with immunodeficiency. Unfortunately, it’s important to remember that Covid-19 isn’t the only one that kills the virus, as the pandemic seems to be “repairing” …

General rules for the prevention of all infectious respiratory diseases

▪ Get vaccinated. It is always better to prevent an illness than to treat it after it has occurred.
▪ Wash your hands. Hand washing with soap is always preferred, but hand sanitizers can help if needed.
▪ Cover coughing and sneezing. Cover your mouth with tissue and place in a jar. And wash your hands.
▪ Stay home while sick. Staying at home and as far away as possible from other members of the family helps prevent the infection from spreading to others.
▪ Keep your house clean. Prioritize cleaning for health, not appearance. Disinfecting doorknobs and other high-contact surfaces, replacing used hand towels, and keeping a physical distance from the sick can help prevent the spread of the illness.
▪ Additional protection measures. In some cases, additional precautions such as wearing face masks and increasing social distance can prevent a widespread community of infections and affect more sensitive individuals such as patients with cardiovascular and chronic respiratory illnesses. Needed to protect.

According to a recent study, between 2020/2021 and 2021, Covid-19 infections due to personal measures to protect against Covid-19 (wearing face masks, hand hygiene, physical distance, etc.) Not only was the infection of acute respiratory infections prevented. Influenza season in 2022.

The findings show that highly feasible and receptive personal safeguards can be implemented to reduce infection during an influenza pandemic, especially in populations at highest risk of developing serious complications. Suggested. Therefore, the usefulness of these measures in people at risk of serious complications should be seriously considered in the future.

High compliance with the use of personal precautions in public places may reduce the incidence and hospitalization rates of all respiratory virus infections without the need for additional quarantine, quarantine, or contact screening. ..

Is this the end of the Covid-19 pandemic?

“At this point, we don’t call it that. Sure, we’re in the pandemic stage, and we may try to get out of the pandemic-induced emergency, but it’s long before we pretend that the virus isn’t there anymore. It will take time. ” Dr. Catherine Smallwood, Covid-19 Incident Manager for WHO Europe.

“This year’s goal is to end that” urgent “phase, which depends on how it evolves around the world. In countries that have already lifted countermeasures, the virus will, of course, take advantage of it. Incidence can increase and mortality can increase, “she added.

Dr. Smallwood states that the World Health Organization is constantly monitoring changes in the virus, even in the absence of warning signals at this time.

Current risks are for those who remain vulnerable, those who have comorbidities and are unvaccinated, and those who are immunocompromised and vaccinated does not work.

And Dr. Smallwood goes on to say: I think it is the responsibility of each of us to really think about our responsibilities to those people. “

It’s nice to be able to “forget about Covid-19”, but it’s important to remember that the precautions taken during the pandemic also helped reduce the number of infections, hospitalizations and deaths. I have. Seasonal influenza and other respiratory infections.

We all need to learn from this and take appropriate precautions for the circumstances and characteristics of the individuals involved in the future.

It should be remembered that masks continue to be used in the medical environment, public transport, and dealing with vulnerable people.

Prevention is always better than cure!

The best healthy wishes,
Dramaria Alice Pestana Serrano e Silva
|| features@algarveresident.com

Dr. Maria Alice is a general and family medicine consultant. General Manager / Medical Director – Luzdoc International Medical Services.. Chief- Grupo Hospital Particular do Algarve/ Hospital S. Gonzalo de Lagos

https://www.portugalresident.com/respiratory-tract-infections/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=respiratory-tract-infections Respiratory tract infections-Portuguese residents

Back to top button