Europe

Reverberation of the war in Ukraine

Extensive geopolitical impacts are unfolding

 

Dr. Andrestinos Papadopoulos

The end of the Cold War after the dissolution of the Soviet Union left a promised situation, but nothing in writing.

East Germany was incorporated into the Federal Republic of Germany, and President Mikhail Gorbachev received a guarantee from Western countries that NATO would not extend to Eastern Europe.

In fact, what happened was the exact opposite. Today, NATO is very close to Russia from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea.

With Ukraine’s intention to join NATO, Russia warned the West that it would not tolerate its weak lower abdominal development for national security reasons.

On February 24, 2022, the words became a certificate, and as expected, the war in Ukraine was a big hit and affected big players in many ways. Already, Europe, the United States, Turkey and China are at stake due to unforeseen circumstances.

The West unanimously imposed strict sanctions on Russia. However, there are differences in their positions.

Emmanuel Macron’s France is open to dialogue with Moscow, but Germany’s dependence on Russia’s natural gas has prevented it from including energy in its sanctions against Russia.

A new energy crisis in Europe has revived the EastMed project, the United States has abandoned negative comments on the pipeline project, and Victoria Nuland’s recent statement to EastMed has abandoned the issue, with stakeholders in question. Confirmed to be within the jurisdiction of. The country of the region.

This development gives me particular satisfaction. In an article published in Politis and Sunday Mail on October 14, 2012, I wrote: Non-EU sources and transit routes. The concept of the Eastern Mediterranean Energy Corridor (EMEC) suggests that it needs to be seriously considered as it can have considerable strategic and economic significance not only for our region but for the EU as a whole. increase. “

Poland has emerged as an important player from EU countries. Because Poland, a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), is geographically close to Russia, a large number of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) troops are stationed on its territory, including the strengthening of US detachments.

The obvious goal is to stop or repel the Russian invasion. Similarly, after World War II, the United States stationed a significant number of troops in Germany to contain the Soviet Union’s expansion into Europe. Within this framework, it is necessary to nullify its denuclearization in view of the expressed hope that Sweden and Finland will join NATO, taking into account Moscow’s threat of installing ballistic missiles in the region. I have.

As a result, the United States is approaching Europe within NATO’s framework and overlooks its reluctance to fulfill its financial commitment to NATO. In the EU, the effects of the war in Ukraine have led to broader cohesion, and within that framework it has been decided to take steps to avoid Europe’s dependence on Russia’s natural gas by 2027. it was done.

However, there is a difference as to whether or not payments should be made in rubles, as Moscow requires.

Turkey has decided to follow the policies of a neutral country in order to minimize the costs incurred as a result of the war in Ukraine. On the one hand, she did not apply NATO and EU sanctions on Russia, and on the other hand, she banned Russian planes from moving military equipment to Syria through her airspace.

In addition, recently, Turkey’s defense industry chairman Yusuf Demir said delivery of a second lot of Russian S-400 missiles has been postponed, which will happen soon.

Apart from what is happening in Ukraine, the Turkish president has cleverly followed a balanced policy to take advantage of the crisis in order to build the image of an honest broker.

In fact, he was able to meet between two adversaries in Turkey, meeting Vladimir Putin and Volodymyr Zelensky in his own country on every occasion to negotiate a peaceful solution to the crisis.

So far, President Erdogan, who appreciates the developments in Ukraine over the past two months, has forgotten Biden’s statement on the Armenian genocide and Parliamentary obstruction of Turkey’s acquisition of F-16 fighters. Gradually west of yourself. What is interesting is to see how President Putin can withstand the tactical game of his opponent in Turkey, given the conflicting interests of the two countries not only in the Black Sea but also in North Caucus, Syria and Central Asia. ..

Finally, as expected, China diplomatically supported Moscow at the UN Security Council and issued a statement of senior officials as part of its anti-American position.

Given the impact of US sanctions on Moscow, China should not expect Russia to provide military aid. This is because the United States may impose similar or stricter sanctions on Beijing.

In conclusion, it is clear that the war in Ukraine has a universal impact and its scale covers the problems of immigration, energy, economy and our daily lives. Russia’s suspension of natural gas supplies to Poland and Bulgaria indicates an intensification of economic warfare.

 

Dr. Andrestinos Papadopoulos is a former ambassador to Cyprus.

https://cyprus-mail.com/2022/05/08/reverberations-of-the-war-in-ukraine/ Reverberation of the war in Ukraine

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