Middle East

Ring the old one, ring the new one

As 2021 nears the end, it’s worth looking back at a year that was quite turbulent. Quite a lot has happened throughout the year as some international events originally scheduled for 2020 have been postponed to 2021.

However, as in the previous year, 2021 is defined by a pandemic and the emergence of several variants of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, as well as the complete failure of public policy at the global level. Vaccines around the world.

Vaccines against the SARS-CoV-2 virus will begin to be rolled out by December 2020, with more than 12 billion vaccines produced so far, sufficient to vaccinate all adults worldwide. , 95% of adults in low-income countries remain unvaccinated. .. According to Airfinity, a UK-based health data and analytics company, the wealthiest countries in the world buy 89% of all COVID-19 vaccines manufactured to date and only share them in the rest of the world. It’s 11%.

The figures also show that for all adults in low-income countries currently vaccinated, six adults in middle- and high-income countries have received a third booster dose. Even more morally and ethically disgusting are 73% of front-line healthcare professionals, with more than 100 million vials of vaccine stockpiled by G20 countries for their citizens reaching their expiration date by the end of the year. But Africa has not been vaccinated yet.

Global vaccine distribution inequality in 2021 continues to be an indelible devastation in our collective consciousness, but the world is constantly moving forward … almost every year, 2021 is a tragedy that grabs the headline. Had a share of environmental disasters, disasters, and death. Destruction due to natural and man-made causes. However, these pages have summarized some of the more exciting stories of 2021 and some of the less exciting ones.

January 1: With the entry into force of the African Continental Free Trade Area, 54 of the 55 African Union countries have come together to form the world’s largest free trade area as a participating country. Free trade agreements are expected to boost intra-African trade by 52% by the end of 2022.

January 20: Joseph Robinet Biden, Jr., became the 46th President of the United States and is the oldest president to take office at the age of 79.

January 22: The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons comes into effect. This is the first legally binding international agreement to comprehensively ban the development, testing, production, stockpiling, stationing, relocation, use and threat of use of nuclear weapons, with the ultimate goal being the completeness of nuclear weapons. It is abolition. The treaty was approved by the UN General Assembly on July 7, 2016, with 122 countries in favor, one against (Netherlands) and one abstaining (Singapore). The 69 countries that did not vote included all nuclear-weapon states except the Netherlands and all NATO member states.

February 1: Myanmar’s popular leader, Aung San Suu Kyi, has been deprived of power by a military-led coup, which has led to massive protests and widespread demonstrations across the country. In response, the junta has been accused of unleashing brutal oppressive measures and human rights abuses against protesters.

February 9: An unmanned spacecraft by the United Arab Emirates Space Agency named Hope will be the first Arab space mission to enter orbit around Mars. Launched by a Japanese rocket from the Tanegashima Space Center in Japan on July 19, 2020, Hope Orbiter made UAE the first and fifth United Arab Emirates in the world to successfully send a spacecraft to Mars. .. Nine days later, NASA’s Mars 2020 mission landed on Jezero Crater Mars, along with the Perseveran Rover and the Ingenuity Helicopter Drone.

February 19: The United States will officially return to the Paris Agreement 107 days after leaving the Paris Agreement during the term of former President Donald Trump. The Paris Agreement on Climate Change is an international treaty signed by almost every country in the world following the COP21 Climate Conference held in Paris in 2015, reducing global warming to less than 1.5 ° C from pre-industrial levels. The purpose is to limit.

March 23: Evergreen is one of the world’s largest container vessels chartered and operated by Taiwan’s container and shipping company Evergreen Marine Corporation, stranded and an important artery for global maritime trade and transportation in Egypt. Obstructing the Suez Canal. The ship was released on March 29, but not before it significantly disrupted international trade.

April 15: In a controversial scientific advance that has sparked ethical controversy, a team of scientists from the United States, China, and Spain have successfully injected human stem cells into monkeys, some in humans and some in monkeys. Announced to create a chimeric embryo. Early embryos survived in the experimental dish for 20 days.

May 14: When the China National Space Administration’s Zhurong Rover lands on the Utopia Planitia on Mars, China will be the fifth space agency to land spacecraft on Mars and the second space agency to land Rover. The other four space agencies that landed the spacecraft on the Red Planet include the United States, Russia, the European Union, and India.

June 5: The Finance Ministers of the G7 countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom and the United States) have approved a global minimum corporate tax of at least 15% per country at a meeting in London. The move aims to prevent tax avoidance through the shift of profits to low-tax destinations by some of the world’s largest multinationals.

July 23-August 8: Japan will host the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo. This is officially the XXXII Olympics in the history of the Olympics. The event was originally scheduled for the summer of 2020, but was postponed a year later due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Although overall health improved, the event was mostly held in a closed room and was not allowed to the general public due to the state of emergency being issued in the metropolitan area in response to the pandemic. The tournament was the highest ever and total spending exceeded $ 20 billion.

August 9: The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is an international organization for assessing climate change-related science in its 6th Assessment Report, and the effects of anthropogenic climate change are now “widespread and rapid. , And it is intensifying. ” It was noted that a strong and sustainable reduction in carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gas emissions would limit climate change. He added that limiting climate change would bring immediate benefits to air quality, but it could take 20 to 30 years for global temperatures to stabilize.

August 24-September 5: Sixteen days after the end of the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Tokyo began the 2020 Summer Paralympics. The 16th Summer Paralympic Games was originally scheduled for the summer of 2020, but due to the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic, it has been postponed for one year, similar to the Summer Olympics. Due to an emergency in the Greater Tokyo area and other prefectures, the event was held in a closed room with no outside spectators.

August 30: The United Nations Environment Program has announced that leaded gasoline for road vehicles has been phased out globally. 100 years after its introduction, air, dust, soil, drinking water and food crops around the world were polluted. Leaded gasoline has been identified as a major risk factor that causes heart disease, stroke and cancer and affects the development of the human brain, especially among children. The ban on leaded gasoline is projected to prevent premature more than 1.2 million people worldwide annually and save more than US $ 2.4 trillion in the global economy.

September 16: SpaceX, a privately funded American aerospace company discovered by entrepreneur Elon Musk, is the first all-civilian spaceflight in history to carry four crew members in a three-day orbit over Earth. Launched Inspiration 4. It is higher than the orbit of the International Space Station, which is about 400 km above the earth.

October 1: The 2020 World’s Fair, hosted by Dubai in the United Arab Emirates, was originally scheduled to begin in October 2020, but has been postponed due to the circumstances of COVID-19 last year. The event, scheduled to end on March 31, 2022, will take place in the 438-hectare area between Dubai and Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates under the theme of “Connecting the Hearts and Creating the Future.” The main Expo 2020 is centered around a central square called Alwasl and is surrounded by three major theme districts based on the Expo’s three sub-themes: Opportunity, Mobility and Sustainability.

October 3: Pandora Papers, released by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ), reveals a shadowy offshore financial system that benefits wealthy and connected people at the expense of everyone else. Approximately 12 million confidential records obtained by ICIJ from the offices of 14 financial services providers, including law firms, wealth management advisors and corporate formation agencies, with over 27,000 companies and 29,000 so-called ultimate beneficial owners (shell companies). We are disclosing data about (the actual owner of). This includes current and former world leaders, politicians, civil servants and celebrities.

October 6: Approximately 125 years after the discovery of the malaria parasite in 1897, the World Health Organization (WHO) approved the first vaccine against malaria. -Sub-Saharan Africa and other regions with moderate to high malaria infection rates. Malaria continues to be the leading cause of childhood illness and death in sub-Saharan Africa. Every year, more than 260,000 African children under the age of five die of malaria. Using new vaccines in addition to existing tools to prevent malaria can save the lives of tens of thousands of young people each year.

October 31st-November 13th: The United Nations Climate Change Conference COP26 will be held in Glasgow, Scotland, England. Like other international events originally scheduled for 2020, COP26 has been postponed to 2021 due to last year’s pandemic. At the end of the conference, world leaders announced a “gradual abolition” of unabated coal-fired power, a 30% reduction in methane emissions by 2030, a plan to stop deforestation by 2030, and development. Agreed on a climate change agreement that includes increased financial support for. Country.

November 26: World Health Organization (WHO) holds emergency meeting in Geneva amid concerns about Omicron, a highly mutated variant of the SARS-CoV-2 virus that caused the COVID-19 pandemic .. The first confirmed variant in South Africa appears to be more infectious than Delta, but fortunately, it requires less hospital treatment and is milder than other recent viral variants. And not fatal.

December 9-10: The United States is hosting a virtual “Democracy Summit” to “renovate democracy domestically and confront dictatorship abroad.” Invited to the online summit were leaders or representatives from more than 110 countries around the world, who discussed three themes: defending against authoritarianism, combating corruption and promoting respect for human rights. ..

December 24: NASA, the European Space Agency, ESA, and the Canadian Space Agency, along with the US-based Space Telescope Science Institute, launch the James Webb Space Telescope, the successor to the highly successful Hubble Space Telescope (HST). I did. HST has radically changed our perception of the universe through a number of astronomical discoveries made in space over the last 30 years. The newly launched James Webb Space Telescope is far more sophisticated than the HST and will be placed in orbit 1.5 million kilometers from Earth. In contrast, the HST orbit was 547 kilometers above Earth.

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