Russian gas undermines European unity – a new defense order.strategy

Russian authorities’ demands on “unfriendly countries” to pay gas in the ruble, and demonstrating that they are ready to stop gas supply to countries that refuse to comply with these requirements, put the European Union in a difficult position. I put it in.

According to Presidential Decree No. 172, “unfriendly” buyers are required to purchase gas according to a new payment system that requires the opening of two accounts at Gazprombank. Money is credited to one account in euros and dollars, converted to rubles by the bank and paid to Gazprom from the second account.

At the EU level, the proposed gas payment scheme was rejected and recognized as blackmail. Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission, issued a statement warning European companies about the risk of violating EU sanctions if they agreed on new Russian requirements. She also pointed out that about 97% of European contracts stipulate payments in euros or dollars.

At the same time, there is a contradiction in European countries regarding the payment of Russian gas in the ruble. For example, Hungary has agreed to Russia’s plans in some countries.As Bloomberg Citing sources, 10 European companies have already opened accounts at Gazprombank to convert their currency to rubles, and 4 have already paid.

Some European companies are still considering the possibility of buying Russian gas in the ruble. Among them are the German Uniper, the Italian Eni and the Austrian OMV.As Guardian As pointed out, European law may have loopholes that allow European companies to formally comply with European sanctions while at the same time complying with Russian requirements. For example, one of these options could be an official statement by the buyer that the purchase was completed when the dollar or euro was transferred to the Gazprombank account before it was converted to rubles. However, this scheme requires the consent of the Russian side.

Other countries have categorically refused to comply with Russia’s requirements. These include, for example, Bulgarian Bulgarian and Polish PGNiG. As a result, Gazprom has stopped supplying gas to these countries since April 27.

As Maria Belova, research director of VYGON Consulting, commented on Kommersant, the European Union is split into “former European” countries, leading to more realistic considerations in relations with Russia regarding the purchase of energy resources. It has been done. The “new European” countries are clearer in putting pressure on Russia. But countries like Hungary show the condition of such division.

According to Belova, deepening divisions in Russia’s purchase of energy resources could lead to a superstate of this issue, a shift to mass purchases of gas at the European Union level. However, the transfer of power from the EU’s state to the superstate level has traditionally been a difficult problem, and in most cases faces obstacles from more Eurosceptic nations. The resolution of this issue relies heavily on the further dynamics of conflict and the ability of the European political elite to integrate the European Union. Russian gas undermines European unity – a new defense order.strategy

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