For tourists who love a little history, Croatia has a lot to offer in this sector. In much of the history associated with them, the national fortress is undoubtedly impressive.
Seven fortresses on the Dalmatian coast, built to keep enemies away. I chose a fortress that is worth checking out.
1. Chris Fortress
Chris is a mountain located northeast of Split, separating Mosor and Kojak. The ancient Illyrian fortress was expanded to the Chris fortress when the Ottoman war was rampant in Europe. This 2000-year-old medieval fortress served as a defensive spot for Dalmatia.
It was also the residence of many Croatian kings and dukes, from the Duke of Mislav in the 9th century to the reign of the Duke of Torpimir to the first Croatian king Tomislav. It was then ruled by the famous Schwitch family. The fortress is best known for its 16th century defense against the Turkish invasion that lasted more than 20 years. It has been invincible for a long time.
This was when Uskok’s famous military faction was first formed. Eventually, the fortress was occupied by the Ottoman Empire, later the Republic of Venice, and the Austrians. At some point in history, Chris was under the control of the Knights Templar.
Due to its high historical value, today’s fortress is a museum. The beautiful fortress follows the natural structure of the hill and is very valuable as an example of a defensive building. Its spectacular location overlooking the surrounding area, the town of Split, and the ocean was used as part of Meereen in the Game of Thrones shoot for the HBO series.
2. St. Nicholas Fortress
St. Nicholas Fortress is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Sibenik today.
The fortress was named after the Benedict Monastery of St. Nicholas on the island, but had to be demolished to build the fortress.
At the request of the Croatian nationals of Sibenik, the Venetian captain Arozie de Canal decided to build a fort on the island of Lüryevak on April 30, 1525. The fortress was designed and built by the famous Venetian architect and architect Hieronymus di San Mikaela. The majestic fortress prevented Turkish ships from arriving at the port in the 16th century.
The fortress is one of Dalmatia’s most valuable and well-preserved examples of defensive architecture. The fortress is made of brick. This is because the foundation is made of stone, whereas this material was considered to be the most resistant to shells.
3. Baron’s Fortress
The Barone Fortress (Tvrđava Šubićevac) was built in 1646 on Vidakuša, an 80-meter-high hill in the city of Sibenik on the Dalmatian coast.
Fortress Barone has been a unique defense system for centuries to protect the city from intruders.
The city of Sibenik was protected from enemy attacks by the city walls and the fortress of St. Michael until the construction of Barone on a hill to enhance the city’s defenses in the mid-1600s.
The fortress took only 58 days to build and was ready for an attack from the Ottoman Empire of the same year. Barone, in the shape of an irregular star, resisted enemy cannons in a fortress reinforced with earthen deposits.
Known as the Great Wall, the walls of Ston in southern Croatia are the longest-preserved fortification system in the world after the Great Wall.
To protect the city of Ston, which was part of the Republic of Ragusa, a series of defensive stone walls, originally over 7 km long, were built in the 14th and 15th centuries by the citizens of Dubrovnik and Ston. It took more than 400 years to build an impressive complex.
Today’s walls connect Ston and Mariston into an irregular pentagon. Completed with 40 towers (20 of which survived) and 5 fortresses. Among them were three streets from north to south and three streets from east to west.
The town has two gates, and the center of the system is the Fortress of Veriki Castio in Ston, the Koruna in Mariston and the fortress of Posvisd Hill (224 m). Notable artists involved in the wall project were Michelozzo, Bernardogatti of Palma and Giorgio da Sevenico (Juraji Dalmatinak).
Dubrovnik’s city planning was used as a model for Ston, but because Ston was built on the prepared terrain, the model was tracked more closely than Dubrovnik itself. Ston was very unique in Europe when it came to infrastructure such as water mains and sewers built in 1581.
The Spanish fortress Spanjola is located on a hill above the town of Hvar on the island of the same name in southern Dalmatia.
The earliest known settlement in the town of Hvar today was the Illyrians. The location of the current Spanish fortress is a hilly area, from which its importance can be seen in pottery, indicating long-distance trade since the 8th century BC.
However, the Spanish fortress was completed in the mid-16th century to defend against the 1571 Turkish attack. The fortress includes a tower, four circular fortresses, an arsenal, a gunpowder store, large and small water tanks, a prison, and a chapel dedicated to St. John of Baptist.
Known to the locals as Fortica, the fortress has been repaired and restored many times over the last few centuries and is now a popular tourist destination and one of the most popular spots for taking pictures on the island. It is one.
6. Brod Fortress
Brod’s Fortress is a fortress in the city of Slavonski Brod, an important part of the cultural heritage.
Slavonski Brod was an important strategic transportation center connecting major commercial trails across the border to Turkey. Between 1715 and 1780 Austria built the Brod Fortress on the Sava River, on the border between the Great Empire and the royal family. This fortress belongs to the great defense system on the border with the Turkish Empire, along with the fortified Baroque towns of Slavonia, Osijek and Stara Gradiška. Designed by Prince Eugene of Savoy in the first half of the 18th century.
7. Sokol Tower
Located in Dubrovnik’s Dunavle in the Dubrovnik region, the Sokor Fortress is a unique fortress owned by Dubrovnik since 1420.
The fort, which survived the 1667 earthquake, is under national protection and is home to many valuable items from the Bronze Age and Iron Age Setina culture. Weapons, including battalion spears and knives dating from 400 to 500 BC to the Illyrian era, also form part of the collection.
https://www.croatiaweek.com/7-must-see-historical-fortresses-in-croatia/ Seven historic fortresses in Croatia you have to visit