Slavery in China: UN report exposes forced labor arrangements in Xinjiang, Tibet

Beijing, August 31: A UN investigator’s report has exposed skeletons in a cupboard: modern forms of slavery are not only practiced in China in the form of forced labor for the Uyghur minority in Xinjiang. was under the illegal occupation of Tibet. China.

There have been many allegations that China has been involved in systematic and widespread abuses against ethnic and religious minorities in the western region. Confirming. A Uyghur court has concluded that China has committed genocide against a Muslim minority group.

Based on an assessment of the information available from a number of sources, including accounts of victims and the government, Obokata concludes that coercion among Uyghurs, Kazakhs and other ethnic minorities in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, in areas such as agriculture and manufacturing. I think it is reasonable to conclude that labor is occurring. Region of China.

Obokata cites two systems adopted by China. Detention of minorities for vocational skills education and training followed by job placement, and poverty alleviation through labor programs that shift rural surplus workers to other jobs. He said labor migration is widespread in Tibet, where farmers, nomads and other rural workers are being moved into low-skilled, low-wage employment.

This work is often involuntary. Workers are subject to excessive surveillance, abusive living and working conditions, restricted movement, intimidation, physical or sexual violence, and other inhuman and degrading treatment. Obokata believes that some cases may amount to enslavement or crimes against humanity and that more detailed independent analysis is needed.

Mr. Obokata is Professor of International Law and Human Rights at the University of Kiel. He was appointed Special Rapporteur on Modern Forms of Slavery in March 2020. “This is an important conclusion by the United Nations’ top expert on this issue in the world,” said James Cockayne, University of Nottingham. A former professor said:

The United States is taking steps to punish China for its human rights practices in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in forced labor.

An estimated 100,000 Uyghurs and other ethnic minorities in China may be working under conditions of forced labor after being held in re-education camps, according to a report compiled by the U.S. Department of Labor’s International Labor Service. .

The department listed 18 commodities in China produced with forced labor of Muslims and other ethnic minorities. Polysilicon, fabrics, threads, threads, tomato products, toys.

The forced labor production of these commodities takes place mainly in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, while Uyghur minorities are being transported to work in other provinces of China. Increase the number of goods that can be manufactured with forced labor and increase the risk of forced labor in supply chains. In Xinjiang’s sprawling surveillance state, workers are subject to constant surveillance and isolation.

In China’s coastal province of Fujian, workers at factories in Quanzhou face similar abuses. Uyghur workers are housed separately from Han workers in dormitories surrounded by iron gates and security cameras. Uyghur workers work longer hours than their Han colleagues and are escorted back to their dormitories by police. Roll call ensures that no one goes missing. Uyghur workers in factories cannot leave the factory voluntarily. Even if you leave, you can’t go far because the local police have confiscated your ID.

Adrian Zenz, Senior Fellow in China Studies at the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation, said: “The UN Special Rapporteur’s statement comes from an authoritative expert from a major multilateral organization and is of great importance. “In addition to his focus on Xinjiang, attention should also be paid to the situation in Tibet, which tends to be overshadowed by Xinjiang these days.” According to the Central Tibetan Administration in Dharamsala, Adrian Zenz was one of the earliest researchers to criticize China for bringing a militarized system of vocational training to Tibet in Xinjiang.

In the light of Obokata’s report, Shinrei Chukki, Geneva Representative of the Tibet Bureau, called for an independent analysis of the existence of slavery as a crime against humanity in Tibet. A program to deport Tibetan farmers, nomads and other rural workers as forced labour. “

CTA Norzin Dolma’s Minister of Information and International Relations, Karon, called for a special UN session on China’s human rights abuses against Tibetans, Uyghur Muslims and others. “Tibetans are systematically discriminated against in their homeland of Tibet and are often relegated to second-class citizens facing human rights abuses.”

Tomoya Obokata’s report that China is imposing a system of forced labor in Tibet is based on the Chinese military’s occupation of Tibet, which has abolished the slavery practiced by former aristocrats and Tibetan religious leaders. The allegations were severely condemned. A reading of the eminent historian Melvin C. Goldstein’s magnum opus, A History of Modern Tibet, reveals that there are also positive aspects to the way serfdom was practiced in Tibet before the Chinese occupation, and that the state It gives the impression that it has brought stability to Regarding serfs.

“Tibetan serfs were not necessarily trampled,” he writes. of some field.

Manor estates owned by nobles, monasteries, and incarnated lamas consisted of arable land and the labor or serfs who were obliged to farm it. Between half and three-fourths of these holdings the serf was obliged to cultivate, the landowner received the total harvest. From the remaining fields, serfs earned their livelihood. They had complete control over these fields, with the exception of sales force.

Under Tibetan social theory, serfs were obliged to provide free labor, as it was seen as a tax on the land they lived on. It is the feudal system that has stabilized Tibetan society for over 1,000 years, free from social turmoil. The forced relocation of Tibetans to low-skilled, low-wage employment to serve the interests of mainland China’s economy, introduced by the Chinese Communist Party, has completely destroyed their traditional and peaceful way of life. did. Livelihood improvement.

Chinese President Xi Jinping will visit Xinjiang from July 12 to 15, 2022. The world expected to provide a proverbial touch of healing to the suffering people of Xinjiang. But it wasn’t. Reports and visuals on the visit from the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region show that a large crowd applauded and took pictures in support of the president, but the president was more likely to visit the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC), which is under U.S. sanctions. spent the time

A July 31, 2020 U.S. Treasury Department press release describes the XPCC as “a paramilitary organization in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region that is subordinate to the Communist Party of China.” China’s vision of economic development in the XUAR (Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region) emphasizes its reliance on central planning and resource extraction.

The structure of the XPCC mirrors the military organization, with 14 divisions made up of dozens of regiments. A former XPCC political commissar and his XPCC commander were also sanctioned for “serious human rights violations against ethnic minorities in Xinjiang.” The EU has also imposed sanctions on his XPCC for “brutal human rights violations”, according to an EU statement of 23 March 2021.

During his visit to Xinjiang, the Chinese president, who is also chairman of the Central Military Commission, visited the People’s Liberation Army’s Xinjiang Military Command and praised the army’s “outstanding contribution” to defending the Xinjiang border and stabilizing Xinjiang. The Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region borders India’s Ladakh and was occupied by Chinese forces in 2020 in violation of India’s claimed border control area protocol.

It is disappointing that the 16th round of border negotiations between the Indian and Chinese forces that followed shortly after the President’s visit did nothing concrete on the issue of the withdrawal of Chinese troops from areas occupied by Chinese forces. brought His praise for the military in border provinces, where his government is widely accused of oppressing predominantly Muslim minorities, did not offer a touch of healing to the people of Xinjiang.

(This is an unedited article auto-generated from a syndicated news feed. LatestLY staff may not have changed or edited the content body) Slavery in China: UN report exposes forced labor arrangements in Xinjiang, Tibet

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