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The former quarry has become an endangered British bird paradise.

Nature is cultivating her territory at a quarry in eastern England, which is transforming into a vast reserve that provides an essential sanctuary for endangered birds. The Fens Wetlands, on the outskirts of Cambridge, where the reed beds are located, have become a fascinating habitat for secret bitterns on the Red List of Britain’s most endangered species until 2015. increase.

Today, with fully camouflaged striped brown feathers and a booming spring bark that sounds like someone is blowing over a bottle, thick herons aren’t that important, but they’re still on the list of threatening amber. .. Chris Hudson, Senior Site Manager for Ousefen of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB), said: A nature reserve about 120 kilometers north of London.

Elusive birds did not appear when AFP arrived on a lively and rainy morning in the winter of January, but 5% of British bittern is now nesting in Ouzfen. According to Hudson, the bittern population in the protected area is higher than the national total in the mid-1990s, when the list of endangered RSPB species was first published.

A gray heron flying over the RSPB Ouzfen Reserve in Willingham, Cambridgeshire, eastern England. — AFP

Insect decline

The latest version of the Birds of Conservation Concern was published in December 2021 and currently contains 70 species on the Red List. This is more than double the time when the first report was published in 1996. It’s dangerous. Among the new species on the list are the Nishiiwatsume and the fast-moving birds that breed in Europe every spring, thousands of kilometers away from Central and Southern Africa.

Richard Gregory, Head of Oversight of the RSPB Center for Conservation Science, accuses birds of deprivation of food and habitat due to population declines, primarily due to changes in land use in the United Kingdom, Europe and beyond. .. “The decline in these birds may tell us something about the significant decline in insect biomass. This is a real concern for conservationists across Europe these days and is probably a much broader phenomenon. “He said.

“Therefore, more research is needed, but it’s a real warning sign about how the environment around us is changing.” But when managing habitats, when protecting habitats, And when we protect birds, we also know that they can bounce off quickly, “said Gregory, pointing out the example of a” magnificent “white-tailed eagle. It became extinct in the British Isles in the early 20th century. Thanks to the protection and reintroduction program, this impressive bird of prey is no longer on the Red List. Today, there are at least 123 pairs of these large sea eagles in the UK.

Correct the conditions

In early January, the Great Egret and Western Marsh Harriers were once rare in the Heron Sanctuary. This is a bird of prey that has returned in number thanks to decades of conservation efforts. The combination of reed beds, open waters and grasslands, which opened in 2010 and is visited by 20,000 people annually, has been restored from the land that has been used as Europe’s largest gravel quarry.

During the life of the ongoing project, about 28 million tonnes of aggregate were dug from the ground, and holes filled with water and reeds are now a bird’s delight. “Our job here was to recreate the proper habitat to regain bittern,” Hudson said. These include “many feeding opportunities to obtain prey sources such as fish, especially eels”.

“If you meet these conditions, you can effectively restore the birds.” If you make it, they will come “is a phrase we often use. Humans change landscapes, create bodies of water, and plant reeds. “Then nature will take care of the rest and will come back very naturally when given the opportunity. That’s really important,” he said. “Give nature a chance and nature will come back.” — AFP

https://www.kuwaittimes.com/former-quarry-turns-haven-for-endangered-uk-birds/ The former quarry has become an endangered British bird paradise.

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