Middle East

The machine can sniff your breath and diagnose you

Thanks to the emerging field of volatiles, studies that mechanically sniff people and find out what’s wrong with them can start diagnosis and treatment much faster and provide better results.

Scientists are looking for ways to diagnose illness by sniffing out compounds that are excreted by the body, such as breathing, sweat, and tears.

These methods Volatronics Recent review papers require the collaboration of interdisciplinary stakeholders such as chemists, materials scientists and electricians. Release In the journal Nano research..

“There is a consensus between the diagnosis of traditional eastern and western methodologies to sniff from above. [respiratory] The tract is to clarify the state of health in both the Hippocrates prognosis book, written in 400 BC, and the Bian Que book, “The 81 Difficult Problems of the Yellow Emperor’s Canon,” written about a year ago. It’s an effective method. “200 BC”, the author of the study wrote.

Volatile organic compounds [VOCs] The scents and scents have high vapor pressure and low water solubility. They are released as a gas from certain solids or liquids.

All organisms intentionally release VOCs for a variety of purposes, including defense, communication, and reproduction. However, VOCs can also be released accidentally as part of all biological processes, including disease-related processes.

“In the last 50 years, thousands of volatile biomarkers, or VOCs, associated with various diseases and lesions have been identified and classified from multibody sources.

“This is a new era for efficient and accurate diagnosis / screening of non-invasive, painless illnesses such as human exhalation, skin divergence, urine headspace, blood and feces. We will support the development of. “

Each VOC released by an organism contains a unique pattern of disease. That is, every condition has a specific VOC “signature” or “fingerprint”.

If researchers and clinicians can catalog VOC fingerprints for various diseases and develop devices that allow engineers to quickly identify matches with these fingerprints, breakthroughs in diagnosis and treatment could be created. ..

“Chemical analysis (detection and monitoring) of compounds related to biological metabolic activity is at the forefront of science. Volatolomics is biomedical research, toxicological analysis, molecular communications, forensic medicine, safety. Applies to a wide range of applications such as security and security. I will explain..

In addition, VOC diagnostics that rely on “sniffing” are non-invasive and painless procedures, unlike many existing diagnostic techniques.

was there Mention Possibly provided via volatromics during a coronavirus pandemic in which dogs were taught to recognize the odor of SARS-CoV-2.

Still very new

Advances in technology will enable volatiles in the near future, including data mining, machine learning, and nanomaterial sensors.

“But this field is very young and attracts researchers in many fields such as chemistry, electrical engineering, computer science, materials science and, of course, clinicians who interact with patients on a daily basis. Adopting different methodologies. And often we don’t use the same term, “says Yun Qian, a reviewer and researcher co-author of the Cancer Center at Zhejiang University.

“Therefore, we have come together from these different disciplines to create a comprehensive review paper that we hope will serve as a bridge between our expertise in this vast discipline.”

Comprehensive new research in this very young discipline seeks to close the gap between the various disciplines involved.

To facilitate collaboration with stakeholders, the author has listed all disease-related VOCs from all possible physical sources in the Disease Volatile Reference Manual.

“This part of the review was very important, because the list of such targets was highly sought after, especially by chemists, materials scientists and electricians,” said another author and researcher at the State Key Laboratories. Akimizu Yao, who is a person, added. Polymorphic complex system with Chinese Academy of Sciences.

“They needed to know what the fingerprints or” biomarkers “were designing diagnostic equipment for. Now they can look into this. “

In addition, this review focuses on techniques related to the analysis of volatile organic compounds, especially the “electronic nose” (E-nose) and “photonic nose” (P-nose), which are advanced devices used for VOC detection. I am explaining.

Researchers believe that their review paper “successfully answers the question of how to connect clinics, volatility, and sensing techniques.”

Next, in the Conclusions and Future Prospects section, we will try to further clarify “the relationship between volatiles (biochemical / chemical markers) and the needs of specific diseases”. Volatronics-based diagnostics are accepted as one of the standard diagnostic methods / techniques. Certain illnesses.

The authors hope that volatronics can be used as a standard for clinical diagnosis in the future.

Source: TRT World and distributors

https://www.trtworld.com/life/no-longer-just-fiction-machines-can-smell-your-breath-to-diagnose-you-58482?utm_source=other&utm_medium=rss The machine can sniff your breath and diagnose you

Back to top button