The US House of Representatives passed the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) this week. The law is accompanied by provisions that amend the rules for staffing offshore vessels in US waters with the aim of promoting US employment in the US offshore wind sector. This move can be counterproductive.
According to the American CleanPower (ACP), which accused the move, the U.S. Coast Guard approval law states that within 120 days, the nationality of the crew of a special offshore international construction vessel will match the ship’s flag or on the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf. American sailors as a working condition.
In short, the move is to introduce 30 GW of offshore wind from the current 42 MW to 2030, simply because there are no US offshore wind facilities yet and no well-trained US. It is believed that it could adversely affect the country’s ambitious plans. Sailor.
ACP states: “Unfortunately, there is a shortage of trained American seafarers and crew from the flag state of the ship to staff these ships. The work of American seafarers related to these projects. Number of. ”
Only one US offshore wind turbine is under construction- Dominion’s Charybdis.. For the East Coast offshore wind project currently underway, European offshore wind farm like that Deme Offshore When Maersk supply service ((((On Thursday, we won a second US offshore wind farm contract with BP and Equinor.).
Notable is the United States, Jones Law It regulates US maritime commerce and requires goods shipped between US ports to be shipped by vessels built, owned, or operated by US citizens or permanent residents.
Given that neither Deme Offshore nor Maersk Supply Service’s offshore wind turbine installation vessels comply with Jones Law, the solution was that the WTIV would not actually carry the goods between US ports, but would supply them to the wind turbines. Feeder barge in compliance with the Jones Law.. Crew provisions currently introduced in the United States Coast Guard Authorization Act can make things more complicated for these projects.
Offshore Engineers have contacted Deme Offshore and Maersk Supply Service for comment on the new situation.
According to a Maersk Supply Service spokesman’s answer, this provision should not be a problem.
“As [WTIV] The ship carries the Danish flag and is boarded by Danish citizens. New build tugboats and barges built and operated by Kirby in the United States will be boarded by US citizens. “
Deme Offshore did not respond immediately.
Gut punch for offshore wind projects
Comment on the provisions of the US Coast Guard Authorization Act, ACP CEO Heather Jishal Said: “This provision is a guts punch for offshore wind projects and it has It has nothing to do with making the Coast Guard stronger.. It doesn’t belong to the law. It certainly does not belong to the NDAA.When the provisions of the crew, most of which have not been scrutinized, become law, it is Delay the development of offshore wind and thwart the country’s goal of deploying 30 gigawatts By 2030 US Offshore Wind
Offshore wind power is the largest 83,000 new American jobsHowever, today’s vote undermines that possibility by imposing the requirements of the ship’s crew before enough domestic ships are available to do the job. It’s a math problem, not an ideological problem. today, There are no US-registered specially built ships.. Today, there are few enough US sailors trained to operate them. Congress imposes provisions that only hurt American workers who are unable to build offshore facilities today and tomorrow-no benefit.
“Let’s be clear. Once we get on track, coastal communities will benefit from clean and reliable energy, more local employment and a growing supply chain. These projects will be built. As it is done, all vessels from US ports to offshore turbines will be built. In the United States, more than 80% of the crew will be American sailors. “
But if this provision allows us to get us off track, all long-term power offtake contracts and rewards are at risk-free. We need Congress to replace this unexpected crew mission with a policy incentive to actually build more US-flagged vessels and train more American seafarers. That’s how America wins. “
Congressman Orkincross asks the Senate to remove the amendment
Massachusetts Democratic House of Representatives Jake OchincrossHaving voted against the NDAA, has requested the Senate to remove the amendment.
He states: “Section 518 of the HR6865 prohibits US offshore wind developers from adopting the required construction vessels, including wind turbine installation vessels (WTIVs).
“that is A misunderstood extension of the Jones Law.. Due to the original interpretation of the Jones Act by the Customs and Border Protection (CBP), the law already requires that the transportation of goods between the foundations of offshore wind turbines and US ports be carried out by US seafarers on US flagships. It has been.
“According to CBP guidance, the use of foreign-registered vessels such as WTIV for material installation is consistent with the previous interpretation of the Jones Law, as long as the jack-up vessel is stationary.”
“It’s misunderstood, but the intent of the fix is correct. We strongly support attempts to promote US employment in the offshore wind sector. However, the actual effect of this provision is contrary to its intent. If this provision is enacted, tens of thousands of good US jobs in the offshore wind industry are at risk. “
By banning foreign offshore wind turbine-equipped vessels in the short term, he “sacrificed all work that would have existed during the life of these projects, including maintenance and operation.” I will do it. ”
“33 offshore wind projects are at stake.”
Auchincloss “Canceling construction at this early stage would endanger 33 offshore wind projects along the east coast and endanger 9,000 jobs for the Massachusetts Wind Project and the Dominion Coastal Virginia Offshore Wind Project alone.
“Vineyard Wind has signed the first collective bargaining agreement for an industrial-scale offshore wind project in the United States. Offshore wind projects will create an additional 20,000 new US jobs across the East Coast if allowed to continue. It is estimated that. “
“By not allowing offshore wind developers to use the required construction vessels, the United States is at risk of losing up to 1,460 MW of offshore wind deployment each year. This provision allows each WTIV not used on the coast. That’s 4.9 million tonnes. Annual CO2 that isn’t removed, “he added.
“It is recommended that Section 518 be removed from the Coast Guard Approval Bill Repeat for Fiscal Year 2023 and, in accordance with the Chair’s commitment, work with colleagues in the House and Senate to resolve the issue before proceeding with the final version of the bill. “I will.” ..
https://www.oedigital.com/news/498106-new-crewing-mandate-could-be-a-gut-punch-to-u-s-offshore-wind-projects The new Crew Mandate could be a “gut punch” for US offshore wind projects