In spring, small mites appear in the form of small nymphs. These little blood-sucking insects carry illness, bad things.
April, May, June, July, and August are the times when most people are infected. Swiss Federal Office of Public Health.. The mites become active when the temperature reaches 7 degrees.
recently Studies reported by RTS It reveals that climate change increases the risk of Switzerland. The livable environment for mites in Switzerland increased by two-thirds between 2009 and 2019, increasing the area by 4,000 km2. In addition, the reported number of tick bites increased by 40% from approximately 10,000 per year from 2012 to 2016 to 14,000 per year from 2017 to 2021.
The most common tick-borne infections Lyme borreliosisBacteria that can ultimately attack the joints, heart and nervous system. The first symptom is usually a rash near the bite, but some people do not get this in combination with flu-like symptoms, memory loss, and joint pain.
Treatment is a course of antibiotics. People who are treated early usually recover without long-term damage. If left untreated, it can lead to brain, heart and joint damage. It is important to treat the illness as soon as possible, so if you get it, go to your doctor wisely.
Unfortunately, there is no vaccine for Lyme disease.
Lime’s disease was discovered in 1980 by Willieberg Dolfer of the United States.Name is lime Coming from an American town bearing the name of Connecticut, it was a hotspot for the disease.
It has been around for a long time. In 2010, Lime disease fungus Iceman Iceman, a 5,300-year-old mummy found in a thawed glacier in the Alps.
In Switzerland, about 5% to 30% (sometimes even 50%) of mites are infected. Borrelia burgundle ferri (Lyme disease), according to the Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH).
An estimated 10,000 people are infected with bacteria each year in Switzerland.When The number of cases is increasing..
Other serious tick-borne diseases Tick-borne encephalitis virus. There is no cure for this, but there are vaccines. In 2020 454 Swiss people have been reported infected with this virus in Switzerland. About 0.5% to 3% of Swiss mites are infected with it. Symptoms include flu-like symptoms and cerebral edema. People infected with the virus are carefully monitored and may be given medication to reduce cerebral edema. 1% to 2% die of illness.
After 2019 Vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis It is covered by basic Swiss health insurance and is recommended in almost all Switzerland.this map Indicates where the case was reported, which is map Where vaccination is recommended.There is Phone appDeveloped by ZHAW University in Zurich, Apple When Android device. These indicate the zones with the highest risk of tick bites.
The tick bites reported in Switzerland are shown in the map below.
Mites are carried by animals. In Switzerland, they live on earth when they are not at the host. To reach the host from the ground, they usually cling to grass, bushes and other plant materials and jump as they approach.
Avoiding long grass and wearing long trousers tucked into your socks is the best defense. The more covers, the better. Spraying insect repellent on trousers, socks, shoes and other clothing can also help.
It is important to check your body when you are at home. If you find a tick, be sure to carefully remove it with special tweezers. It is important to hold them close to your skin and not squeeze them.
Animals should also be checked. Dogs are susceptible to these diseases and have symptoms similar to humans.
More about this:
Federal Office of Public Health – Lyme disease (In French)- Take the 5 minute French test now
Federal Office of Public Health – Tick-borne encephalitis (In French)
https://lenews.ch/2022/04/16/ticks-and-lyme-disease-its-time-to-be-careful/ Tick and Lyme Disease – It’s time to be careful