Tomb of a young man found in a Germanic Lombard burial ground

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Germanic Lombard Burial Site | Photo: Czech Academy of Sciences Archaeological Institute Zuzana Loskotová<!–

The burial ground on the south bank of the Nové Mlýny Reservoir is probably the most important migration period graveyard site on the territory of the Czech Republic.

Archaeologists, who began exploring the ruins in May this year, have already identified about 250 tombs in the area using geophysical surveys and aerial photography, but the total number could be much higher. there is.

Unfortunately, because of the systematic looting during the immigrant era, few tombs have been preserved untouched to this day, says Zuzana Roscotova of the Brno Archaeological Institute, which is part of the Czech Academy of Sciences.

Therefore, the highly preserved state of the newly discovered tombs is very unique and may help archaeologists better understand the Lombard population, including health and eating habits.

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Photo: Zuzana Loskotová, Archaeological Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Photo: Czech Academy of Sciences Archaeological Institute Zuzana Loskotová<!–

“We are doing a lot of analysis, including strontium analysis, where we can investigate where the inhabitants came from or whether they are from the local area.

“Then there are carbon and nitrogen isotope analyzes that may tell us something about the diet of the inhabitants. We also perform paleopathological analyzes, what illnesses they have, and what they have. Find out what kind of injury you suffered in your lifetime. “

The migration period, which not only showed the enormous cultural and political transformation of Europe, but also the collapse of the original ancient state, offers archaeologists some of the most difficult questions, archaeological studies. Baras Comorocchi, director of the Brno branch of the office, says.

“Suddenly, new cultural and ethnic groups emerge, large entities move through significant territories of Europe, and at the end of this process, sometime at the end of the 6th century, a virtually new world emerges. , From which even medieval and modern Europe is built. “

According to Komoróczy, the study of migrating tribes of that era could help shed light on the processes that led to the disappearance of civilization and the emergence of new cultures. It can also shed light on possible causes of migration, he says:

“For example, you can find out if it was related to climatic conditions. It’s time to look at phenomena that aren’t seen in a stable era when the population settles in one place for a long time.”

Current research on the Germanic burial grounds of Moravia is part of a larger European project called Histo Genes. We analyze the genetics of the population of Central and Eastern Europe from the 5th to 8th centuries with the aim of revealing more information about the formation of Europe in the early Middle Ages. Tomb of a young man found in a Germanic Lombard burial ground

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