U.S. Announces Ban on Anti-Satellite Weapon Missile Tests-Nationwide

The Biden administration Announced on Monday bans missile testing of anti-satellite weapons AmericaThe move, White House officials say, is intended to underscore its hope of establishing new norms for military action in space.

The United States is sharply criticizing Russia When China For conducting Anti-satellite weapon missile testIt also used an interceptor missile launched from a U.S. Navy warship over 14 years ago to destroy a malfunctioning spy satellite.

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This issue is more urgent after Russia launched a missile to destroy a satellite of the former Soviet era in November. Vice President Kamala Harris criticized Russia’s actions as “irresponsible behavior.”The strike has created over 1,500 pieces Space debris Increased risk to US and Russian astronauts on board International Space Station According to the US Space Command, China’s Tiangong Space Station.

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Harris, chairman of the White House National Space Council, said in a speech Monday night at Vandenberg Air Force Base on the central coast of California that it would ban anti-satellite weapons missile testing and establish space norms. I was planning to discuss the efforts of. White House.

Click to play video:'Russian anti-satellite weapon test' is dangerous and irresponsible:'US Department of State'

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Russian tests occurred while rallying troops prior to the recent invasion of Ukraine. Thousands of people were killed in the war more than seven weeks ago, and the United States and its allies struck Russia with massive economic sanctions.

A similar weapons test conducted by China in 2007 produced extensive debris.

“The long-lived debris created by these tests now threatens satellites and other space objects that are critical to the safety, economic and scientific interests of all nations, and astronauts, the White House said in a statement. Increases the risk of. ” “Overall, these tests jeopardize the long-term sustainability of outer space and jeopardize the exploration and use of space by all nations.”

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Harris announced a ban on anti-satellite missile tests by the Byden administration at a December meeting, with White House National Security Council officials working with Pentagon, State Department, and other U.S. National Security Agency officials to state the state. Security space norms.

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The United States is the first country to announce such a ban. Harris said he hopes other countries will soon follow suit.

The types of direct ascent weapons that the Biden administration has promised not to fire rely on interceptor missiles moving to attack satellite targets into space hundreds of miles from the surface of the Earth.

According to the Secure World Foundation, a non-governmental group advocating, since the 1960s, the United States, China, India and Russia have conducted more than 12 satellite attack weapon tests in space, destroying satellites and creating more than 6,300 orbital debris. Did. For the sustainable and peaceful use of outer space.

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According to the Foundation, at least 4,300 pieces of it are still in orbit, pose a long-term threat to manned space flight, science, national security missions, and future economic development of space.

The 2008 US anti-satellite weapons test and the 2019 Indian anti-satellite weapons test targeted satellites at much lower altitudes well below the space station, which is about 260 miles (420 kilometers).

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India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi said the missile’s destruction of low-earth orbit satellites is intended to demonstrate India’s ability as a “space power” alongside the United States, Russia and China. He ordered the launch a few weeks before the national elections.

The abolished Russian satellite Cosmos 1408 was in orbit about 40 miles (65 kilometers) higher when it was destroyed by a missile launched from northern Russia in November.

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Brian Weeden, director of program planning for the Secure World Foundation, said the Biden administration’s move is an important move that puts pressure on China and Russia to take similar actions.

“They have caused a lot of diplomatic turmoil over the last decade to prevent a space arms race, while at the same time testing their own (anti-satellite) weapons and creating orbital debris,” Weeden said of Russia and China. rice field.

© 2022 The Canadian Press U.S. Announces Ban on Anti-Satellite Weapon Missile Tests-Nationwide

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