The soaring prices of some food products resulting from the war in Ukraine have raised some political concerns about Switzerland’s inability to meet its food requirements. Switzerland imports about half of the food it consumes, so it is heavily dependent on the rest of the world. Some members of the Swiss People’s Party (UDC / SVP) are calling for some changes to Swiss agricultural rules to promote indigenous food production, the newspaper Le Matin reported.
To combat the loss of biodiversity in Switzerland, the government has implemented rules to ensure rural, agricultural-free areas where agriculturally protected plants and insects can breed. Currently, about 3,500 hectares are reserved for this purpose. An additional 14,000 hectares are planned. Together, these areas occupy about two-thirds of the surface of Geneva. However, UDC / SVP members want these areas to be used for food production.
A Survey published in 2020, Cited the loss of biodiversity as the second most prevalent environmental problem among Swiss residents. 88.2% considered this to be very (53.8%) or quite (34.4%) dangerous.
In addition, the UDC / SVP hopes that the rules restricting the feeding of meat and bone products left over from slaughter to other livestock will be relaxed. During the 1980s and 90s BSE (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy) epidemics that infected millions of cattle, researchers found that feeding cattle bones, meat and organs was an important mediator of the disease. I found that. Accordingly, a ban on feeding animal debris to ruminants has been introduced. This gradually completely banned the feeding of animals to other livestock.
BSE, also known as mad cow disease, spreads to humans and causes a disease called Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD).
Another way to improve Switzerland’s food self-sufficiency is to change the menu. Animal products such as meat and dairy products are generally inefficient use of agricultural land. In high-altitude pastures where little but grass grows, the effective conversion of grass to milk with cows may represent efficient land use. However, on land that can be used to grow human-edible crops, grazing cattle and raising food to feed animals is a very inefficient use of farmland. One kilogram of beef requires 25 kilograms of grain.
https://lenews.ch/2022/04/29/udc-svp-wants-biodiversity-reserves-farmed-to-avoid-a-food-shortage/ UDC / SVP wants to cultivate biodiversity reserves to increase food production in Switzerland