Ukraine plans to approve EU candidate, Finland wants NATO membership

Leaders from 27 member states of the European Union will head to the summit meeting in Brussels on Thursday to consider “the most ambitious expansion since welcoming Eastern European countries after the Cold War.” Reuters..

Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia are seeking and will be approved for candidacy status. The Ukrainian application submitted at the end of February was reviewed at an unprecedented speed by EU member states eager to show solidarity.

What is the process for joining the EU?

Join the EU You must meet a condition called the “Copenhagen criteria”. This is generally “a functioning market economy, stable democracy and the rule of law, and approval of all EU law, including the euro.”

If a country is deemed capable of meeting these criteria and has unanimous approval from current members, the candidate will be approved. During a candidacy period that can last for decades, candidate countries must make reforms to meet all criteria before joining.

Join a long line of candidates

The three countries will join the line of candidate countries that have worked with various successes to integrate into the block over the years. North Macedonia has been awaiting membership since its candidacy was approved in 2005. Bulgaria has canceled negotiations for a joint membership bid between North Macedonia and Albania, but said it may be possible to move in their place. Euronews..

Dissatisfied with the lack of progress, Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama opposed EU leadership and called them “humiliation.” A bid taken hostage by one member didn’t go well with Rama, saying, “It’s not good to see the other 26 countries staying at the horrifying show of impotence.”

What is the significance of this candidacy?

Vsevolod Chentsov, the EU ambassador to Ukraine, said: Reuters Approval of the candidacy is “a signal to Moscow that Ukraine, and other countries of the former Soviet Union, cannot belong to Russia’s sphere of influence.”

Russia has expressed serious disapproval of the countries of the former Soviet Union, which have alliances with Western nations.according to Washington postRussia retaliated against EU leaders’ visit to Kieu last week by blocking the flow to Europe’s “most important natural gas pipeline” for two days. This approval may be considered a further provocation by the Kremlin.

Russia is increasingly threatening the Western Union invading the “red line” surrounding the former Soviet nations. Newsweek It reports that if the eastern expansion continues, “serious political consequences” are promised.

NATO and eastern expansion

North Atlantic Treaty Organization Signed in 1949, it aimed to “stop Soviet expansionism, ban the resurgence of nationalist militarism in Europe through a strong presence in the North American continent, and promote European political integration.” It was.

NATO-Russia Cooperation, which began after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, was suspended in 2014 after Russia’s illegal annexation of Crimea. Ukraine has expressed its desire to join NATO, but Russia has seen the eastern expansion of its participating countries as a direct threat and has used its promotion of membership as justification for its aggression.

Finland has now announced its interest in joining NATO, which “doubles the border of the alliance with Russia.” Washington post..

In response to this announcement, the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs said, “We will be forced to take retaliation measures, both military-technical and other in nature, to thwart the threat to national security that arises in this regard.” Stated.

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