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UN Officials: Grain Trading Has No US, EU Guarantee to Promote Russian Exports

https://sputniknews.com/20220723/un-official-grain-deal-has-no-guarantee-clause-for-us-eu-to-facilitate-russian-exports-1097718546.html

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Washington (Sputnik)-The United States and the European Union do not provide any guarantees regarding Russia’s food and fertilizer exports, and the grain agreement is based solely on goodwill and trust, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Secretary Rebeca Gryns Span said.

“No, this is a trust-building exercise. There is no guarantee, only goodwill and commitment efforts from all parties to do this job, but enough that this is what everyone wants. There are signs, “Grinspan said. He asked if the United States and the European Union provided guarantees that they would not interfere with Russia’s food and fertilizer exports.

She also said that Istanbul’s grain trading would lower insurance and license fees.

“The agreement signed today is a good sign for these premiums to go down and trade facilitation to recover, yes, and we expect it to happen,” Grinspan said. rice field.

The United Nations continues to engage with partners in the European Union, the United States and Russia, Obstacles to grain exports Rebecca Grinspan added in the wake of the deal with Ukraine.

“We will continue to be involved, and obviously we will talk with partners in other parts of the world, the EU and the US, talk with our Russian counterparts and understand what the problems and obstacles are. Faces in terms of food, fertilizer, and raw materials for fertilizer exports. “

UN Under-Secretary-General Martin Griffiths confirmed to Sputnik that grain trading does not include an enforcement mechanism.

“There is no enforcement mechanism. It is a voluntary agreement. It is not a courtroom. If you wish, enforcement comes from the publicity that will be made by the JCC. [Joint Coordination Center] “As for the torts of either party or what happened, basically there will be only diplomatic efforts, not any enforcement mechanism,” Griffith said.

Griffith also said the Joint Coordination Center (JCC), which oversees the grain agreement signed in Istanbul, has not yet agreed on a buffer zone distance for the safe passage of export-carrying vessels.

“… This is one of the issues we want to determine when the JCC will be established and in the coming days. There is a set of steps that need to be developed to determine a sufficient buffer zone. Safe distances How much-is it one or five miles on either side of the line, or more, “said the UN Under-Secretary-General.

On Friday, a UN-mediated agreement on food exports from Ukraine was signed by representatives of Russia, Turkey, Ukraine, and the United Nations. Russian Defense Minister Sergej Kužuge said grain exports from Ukraine’s Black Sea ports could begin in the coming days. According to the documents, to prevent provocations and incidents, warships, aircraft, or unmanned aerial vehicles cannot access humanitarian corridors created for the safe passage of vessels containing grain.



https://sputniknews.com/20220723/un-official-grain-deal-has-no-guarantee-clause-for-us-eu-to-facilitate-russian-exports-1097718546.html UN Officials: Grain Trading Has No US, EU Guarantee to Promote Russian Exports

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