UN to maintain arms embargo on Somalia

The UN Security Council on Thursday voted to maintain an arms embargo on Somalia after strong opposition from the Somali government, with al-Shabaab’s “terrorist group” still seriously endangering peace and stability in the region. threatened and said sanctions were needed to reduce its activity.

A resolution also expressing concern over the continued presence of branches of the Islamic State group in the horns of African nations was approved by an 11-0 vote, with Russia, China, Gabon and Ghana abstaining, while African Union-backed Somalia The government lifts the arms embargo.

A resolution drafted by the United Kingdom amends the arms embargo to reflect the government’s progress in better managing arms and ammunition.

This includes Somalia’s use of hand-held surface-to-air missiles, large-caliber mortars, anti-tank guided weapons, combat drones, some aircraft and ships designed or modified for military use, security forces and police. including allowing the import of combat drones for — Except for Security Council Committees monitoring objects within five working days of receiving notification from the Government.

British Deputy Ambassador to the United Nations, James Kariuki, said the benchmarks identified following a recent technical assessment highlighting Somalia’s progress “provide a clear roadmap … This is a clear roadmap for the future of this Council.” It will help us make more changes to our munitions policy.”

“The measures taken today will help simplify the process and speed up the journey for Somalia and its partners,” Kariuki said.

The resolution included a codified arms embargo, a ban on the sale or transfer of key components of improvised explosive devices used by al-Shabaab, a ban on the import and export of Somali charcoal, which was a major moneymaker, and threatened peace, Travel bans and asset freezes for individuals linked to al-Shabaab.

The Security Council imposed an arms embargo on Somalia in 1992 to curb the flow of arms to the feuding clan-based warlords who overthrew then-Somali president Mohamed Siad Barre the previous year and plunged the country into civil war. I blocked it.

Somalia formed a functioning interim government in 2012 to restore stability in the face of militant attacks and one of the worst droughts the country has experienced, which has pushed thousands to the brink of famine. I have been working on

The government of Somalia, led by President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, has been implicated in new attacks against al-Shabaab, including efforts to shut down its financial networks.

US Deputy Ambassador to the UN Robert Wood expressed hope that the government will continue to meet standards to allow for further easing of the arms embargo.

The sanctions regime adopted on Thursday is tailored to support and enable “vigorous action” by the government to combat al-Shabaab, including depriving the group of its financial resources, Wood said. Stated.

He urged all nations to impose sanctions and deprive al-Shabaab of its ability to access funds and weapons.

Somalia’s ambassador to the UN, Abkar Osman, expressed “deep dissatisfaction” with the extension of the embargo and commended the four countries that abstained because they did not support the embargo.

Osman said the embargo, the longest of any UN sanctions, has hampered efforts to rebuild the country’s security forces to counter al-Shabaab.

The military has used the “large majority” of its weapons during its conflict with al-Shabaab over the past four months and, as a result of the renewed arms embargo, “at this most critical time, in the fight against a ruthless enemy.” Our hands are tied,” he said.

Osman argued that those killed by Somalia’s “terrorist groups” are still armed to protect their own territories and people, so why lifting the arms embargo is a threat to international peace and security. I am asking if it is a threat.

“This unfair and unfair double standard prevents the Somali government from legally obtaining lethal military equipment to rebuild its armed forces,” he told the council.

Kenya’s ambassador to the United Nations, Martin Kimani, who was targeted by al-Shabaab, supported the resolution but called for a final end to the embargo.

“A partial arms embargo in Somalia cannot exist in perpetuity because it would be counterproductive and adversely affect the federal government’s ability to eradicate the existential threat posed by al-Shabaab.” Kimani said.

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