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Unraveling the results of Brazil’s heated presidential election | Election news

of first vote Brazil’s presidential election failed to produce an outright winner and a run-off election was held on October 30.

Left-wing Luis Inacio Lula da Silva, aka Lula, entered Sunday’s election day as the likely front-runner, overwhelming far-right President Jair Bolsonaro in recent polls and even winning the first round. did.

Former President Lula, credited with building a massive social welfare program during his eight-year term in office from 2003, received 48.4% of the valid votes, the amount needed to avoid a runoff vote. not reach a majority.

Bolsonaro won 43.2% of the vote, well above pollster expectations and at a 14-point disadvantage, according to Brazilian election officials.

Here’s what you need to know about Brazil’s presidential election after Sunday’s polls.

Bolsonaro’s support is far from collapsing

Bolsonaro won 6.1 million fewer votes than his main opposition, but his Liberal Party would surpass Lula’s Workers Party and become the largest in the Senate.

The right-wing coalition of far-right firebands won 19 of the 27 seats in the Senate, with initial election results suggesting a strong demonstration of his base in the House of Representatives, and Lula’s prospects if he wins the presidency. , which limited Lula’s room for action.

Among the notable winners in the House of Commons were former health minister Volosonaro (the general who oversaw the troubled management of the pandemic) and former environment minister. Amazon.

Sergio Moro, a former judge who temporarily imprisoned Lula and was Bolsonaro’s former Minister of Justice, also won a Senate seat against the polls.

The president’s hardline views on street crime and religious conservatism and his approach to laissez-faire Economic and environmental regulationsresonates in many parts of Brazil, including some corners of the Amazon where he is popular among evangelical voters.

But the past four years have also been marked by Bolsonaro’s inflammatory speeches and tests of democratic institutions, and his government’s widely criticized response to the COVID-19 pandemic and the worst deforestation of the Amazon rainforest in 15 years. was assigned.

tight second round

Lula’s first-round advantage doesn’t guarantee a second-round win. His nine other presidential candidates got only a fraction of the front-runner’s endorsement, but their endorsement could prove to be significant.

With Bolsonaro and his allies performing well, Lula was under pressure to head for the center.

Centrist Senator Simone Tebet won 4% of the vote, while former center-left Senator Ciro Gomez won 3% of the vote.

Together, Tebet and Gomes received 8.5 million votes.

Meanwhile, more than 30 million people abstained from voting.

“The struggle continues until the final victory,” Lula said, addressing the media at a hotel in central Sao Paulo.

“We are going to win these elections. This is just extra time for us,” he added.

But the former president, known for lifting tens of millions of people out of poverty, is also known for his administration’s involvement in massive corruption scandals involving politicians and business executives.

His conviction for corruption and money laundering led to a 19-month prison sentence.

Tensions are still high, so are the stakes

A return to Bolsonaro would set off a wave of leftist victories across the Americas in recent years, including Argentina, Chile, Colombia and Mexico.

Bolsonaro has built a foundation of dedication by espousing conservative values ​​and proving himself to defend the country against leftist policies that he says violate individual liberties and cause economic turmoil. rice field.

He has made baseless attacks on the integrity of Brazil’s electronic voting system, but on Sunday night he avoided criticism, confident that victory was within reach.

Technology expert Michael Kovacs told Al Jazeera that the electronic voting system is secure. “Using the latest mechanisms of encryption and digital signatures, he is considered one of the most secure electoral systems in the world,” Kovacs said.

Some fear the country could plunge into political violence ahead of the October 30th runoff election.

During the course of the campaign, Bolsonaro repeatedly hinted that he would not accept Lula’s victory, causing concern for the Brazilian version. Riot at the United States Capitol last year After former President Donald Trump claimed he was the winner of the country’s presidential election.

“[Bolsonaro] If he loses, I will not accept the outcome of the election,” Plaka told Al Jazeera. “

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2022/10/3/unpacking-results-brazil-presidential-election Unraveling the results of Brazil’s heated presidential election | Election news

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