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What we know about the global decline in tobacco use

Almost every country on the planet has reduced tobacco intake in 2020, according to the latest WHO findings.

Tobacco use is one of the world’s leading causes of premature death, killing more than 8 million people and costing the world economy $ 1.4 trillion annually.

Tobacco smoking, in particular, is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States, with one in five deaths each year. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

In response to these risk factors, the global prevalence of tobacco use has been steadily declining over the last two decades, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

Last month, WHO published the latest findings in its 4th edition. Global report on tobacco utilization trends from 2000 to 2025..

The report draws data from surveys conducted by 165 countries and shows that 22.3% of the total population over the age of 15 used tobacco from 32.7% in 2001 to 2020.

Tobacco use is declining in at least 150 countries, 60 of which are on track to meet the reduction targets set under WHO. Global Action Plan for Prevention and Management of Noncommunicable Diseases 2013–2020..

One of the main goals set in the Action Plan is to reduce global tobacco usage by 30% by 2025 compared to 2010.

Dr. Naoko Yamamoto, Deputy Director of Universal Health Insurance at WHO, said the report “comes at a time of valuable little good news in public health.”

“Despite the diversion of the Covid-19 pandemic, countries continue to make excellent commitments to tobacco control, as the benefits to health and welfare are immediately apparent,” said Yamamoto. I am saying.

So what do you know about this decline so far?

read more: New Zealand bans young people from buying cigarettes for the rest of their lives

There are big differences in gender and age among consumers

The use of tobacco is called “male vice” statistics, And they are not wrong.

WHO estimates that men consume almost five times as much tobacco as women around the world.

The prevalence of women over the age of 15 was 7.8% in 2020, compared to 36.7% for men of the same age group.

By 2000, one in four tobacco users in the world will be female, and by 2025 that proportion is expected to be one in six.

In the Western Pacific region, where 1 in 18 tobacco users are female, gender differences are greatest compared to the Americas and Europe, where 1 in 3 tobacco users are female.

However, for both men and women, tobacco consumption has steadily declined in each age group from 2000 to 2020.

Of age, tobacco use is higher in the older group. WHO reported that 28.5% of people aged 45-54 around the world consumed tobacco in 2020, while 14.2% of people aged 15-24 consumed tobacco.

Tobacco usage peaks at ages 45-54 for men and peaks at ages 55-64 for females.

read more: Why are there more men than women with coronavirus?

3/4 of the world is taking effective action

The average tobacco usage in Southeast Asia is the highest at about 29% in 2020, compared to 50% in 2000. On the other hand, the African region is the lowest at about 10% in 2020, compared with 18% in 2000. ..

Despite these differences, all regions play a role in reducing tobacco usage.

Earlier this year, WHO 8th Report on “Global Tobacco Epidemic” This report tracks national progress in tobacco control since 2008.

As of 2021, 75% of the countries of the world have at least one effective tobacco reduction measure in place. These measures protect 5.3 billion people, or 69% of the world’s population.

Fifty percent of countries have adopted at least two policies, and the number of countries implementing WHO measures continues to grow year by year.

Measures are part of the policy package Known as MPOWERAims to support the country by reducing tobacco demand, as ratified by WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC).

In 2003, WHO member countries unanimously adopted the FCTC Convention in response to the threat posed by tobacco use to public health.

“While it is difficult to prevent a viral pandemic, the ever-expanding pandemic of tobacco-induced stealth can be completely and morally prevented,” FCTC Secretary-General Dr. Adriana Blanco Marquizo said in a 2021 report. I am saying.

Turkey and Brazil are the only countries that have adopted all WHO measures at the best practice level.

Five countries have the highest level of four measures (Jordan, Ireland, Madagascar, New Zealand, Spain) and 31 countries have the highest level of achievement.

Forty-nine countries have not yet taken the highest level of MPOWER measures, but 38 of them have policies one level below the best practices for one or more measures.

According to the WHO, in 2021, seven countries that had not taken best practice measures took steps to reach the highest levels with one or more measures.

These countries were the Cook Islands, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Iraq, Morocco, Paraguay, and Tonga.

read more: U.S. Maru bans menthol tobacco

Covid-19 may have helped the effort

The fatal interaction between Covid-19 and tobacco use is undeniable, and there is strong evidence that smokers are at increased risk of developing more complications from the disease.

Covid-19 not only exposes tobacco users to higher health risks than non-tobacco users, but also disrupts the global political agenda at the expense of tobacco control measures.

Surprisingly, however, the pandemic also provided an opportunity to advance tobacco control measures.

To prevent the spread of the virus, some countries have banned the consumption of tobacco in public places and raised taxes to mobilize funds to fight pandemics.

For example, only 17 countries in the eastern Mediterranean region have banned hookah (shisha) in public places, and South Africa has temporarily sold tobacco as part of a pandemic response to a ban on “non-essential” products. It has stopped.

“Despite the Covid-19 pandemic challenges, many countries have been sticking to promoting tobacco control as an important health priority over the past year,” said WHO Executive Director Tedros Adhanom. Dr. Gebreez said.

read more: Is the coronavirus pandemic the best time to quit smoking?

ENDS may renormalize smoking

For the first time in history, WHO’s report on the “global tobacco epidemic” included data on the Electronic Nicotine Delivery System (ENDS).

E-cigarettes, e-cigarettes, arcs or arc pens are all in ENDS format.

A total of 111 countries, according to the report Regulate ENDS in some way, Includes 32 countries that have completely banned their sale.

79 other countries have adopted one or more measures to regulate electronic liquids, protecting 3.2 billion people from potential harm.

ENDS does not contain tobacco and may or may not contain nicotine, depending on its type, but it poses a serious threat to the global fight against smoking and can have long-term health implications. I have.

Of greatest concern is that ENDS may renormalize smoking in the younger generation. This is because WHO reports that children and adolescents using this product may double their risk of smoking.

In the United States According to the WHO, high school students have increased their e-cigarette usage from 1.5% in 2011 to 19.6% in 2020.

The device is sold in thousands of flavors, and some candy flavors appeal to children and young adults. There are an estimated 16,000 flavors available.

Seventy percent of current US youth aged 12 to 17 say they use e-cigarettes “because they are offered in the flavors I like.”

For these and other reasons, WHO states that “ENDS needs to be strictly regulated for maximum public health protection.”

“As cigarette sales have fallen, tobacco companies are aggressively selling new products such as e-cigarettes and urging the government to limit regulations,” said WHO’s Global Ambassador for Noncommunicable Diseases and Injuries. Said Michael R. Bloomberg.

“Their goal is simple. It’s about attracting another generation to nicotine. It can’t be achieved.” Bloomberg added.

read more: Green light e-cigarette from the UK on prescriptions for smokers

Source: TRT World

https://www.trtworld.com/life/what-we-know-about-the-worldwide-decline-in-tobacco-use-53178?utm_source=other&utm_medium=rss What we know about the global decline in tobacco use

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