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WHO says nearly a billion people have mental illness

Almost 1 billion people The World Health Organization (WHO) said on Friday that it suffers from some form of mental illness around the world.

The latest report is the largest review of global mental health since the turn of the century.

The numbers revealed in the report are staggering, but even more worrisome given that one in seven teenagers are included. The detailed work provides a blueprint for governments, scholars, health professionals, civil society and others with the ambition to support the world in transforming mental health.

“In 2019, about 1 billion people, including 14% of the world’s adolescents, lived with mental illness. Suicide accounts for more than 1 in 100 deaths, and 58% of suicides are 50 years old. Mental illness occurred on average 10 to 20 years earlier than the general population in people with severe mental health, primarily due to preventable physical illnesses. ” The WHO report said.

The report stated that sexual abuse and bullying in children are the main causes of depression. “Social and economic inequality, public health emergencies, wars, and climate crises are one of the global structural threats to mental health. In the first year of the pandemic alone, depression and anxiety Increased by more than 25%. “

Stigma, discrimination and human rights abuses against people with mental illness are widespread in communities and care systems everywhere. Twenty countries still criminalize suicide attempts. Cross-country, the poorest and most disadvantaged people in society are at the highest risk of mental health and the least likely to receive adequate service.

Even before the COVID-19 pandemic, a small percentage of those in need were able to access effective, affordable and quality mental health care, the report said.

“For example, 71% of people with mental illness worldwide do not receive mental health services. 70% of people with mental illness are reported to be treated in high-income countries, but only 12% of people with mental illness. Mental health care in low-income countries. For mental illness, the service coverage gap is widening in all countries. Even in high-income countries, formal mental health care is provided by mental illness patients. It is estimated that the minimum appropriate treatment for mental illness is in the range of 23% in high-income countries, reaching 3% in low- and middle-income countries. “

Utilizing the latest evidence available, WHO’s comprehensive report works with all stakeholders to deepen the value and commitment to mental health and reinstate the environment that affects mental health. We want to strengthen the system that forms and cares for people’s mental health.

Dr. Tedros Adhanomgebreyes, WHO Secretary-General, said, “Everyone’s life affects people with mental health. Good mental health leads to good physical health. The new report is a compelling example of change. The close relationship between mental health and public health is everywhere, with human rights and socio-economic development transforming mental health policies and practices. It means that we can bring substantial and substantial benefits to our individuals, communities and countries. Investing in mental health is an investment in a better life and future for everyone. “

All 194 WHO member states have signed the Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2030, which is committed to global goals for transforming mental health.

WHO said the pockets of progress achieved over the last decade prove that change is possible. “But change isn’t happening fast enough, and mental health talks are still needed and ignored. Mental health assigned to an independent mental hospital rather than a community-based mental health service. Government spending on $ 2 out of $ 3. People get the best service. “

The report calls for all countries to accelerate the implementation of the Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2030.

Source: ANI

https://www.helsinkitimes.fi/themes/themes/health-a-wellbeing/21777-nearly-one-billion-people-have-a-mental-disorder-says-who.html WHO says nearly a billion people have mental illness

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