Middle East

Why you have to save Arabic-DohaNews

The strengths and weaknesses of a language and its country are inextricably linked when one goes down and the other goes down. The reverse is also true.

When asked about the 18 most horrifying eventsth In the century, German leader Otto von Bismarck replied, “The English colonies of North America have adopted English as their official language.” This is a sign of disappointment that the colonies with large German communities adopted English as their official language rather than Germany.

Language indicates the cultural identity of a country and defines the loyalty of its people. Most countries are united by one native language that creates or represents the strongest bond between citizens. This concerns many countries in the world where there are languages ​​named after languages, such as Chinese, French, Arabic, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, or people. ..

Language is the pride of all nations, as it is a tool that empowers other nations to convey their culture, thoughts, literature and history, and Arab nations are no exception.

Arabic has played a vital role in developing the Arab character culturally, intellectually and psychologically, past, present and in the future. Since language is the anchor of a country’s unified identity, its loss foresaw social disagreements and possibilities. The end.

Arabic voyage throughout history

Arabic, a powerful and versatile language of the pre-Islamic era when the Qur’an was revealed, grew exponentially as a sacred language and transcended the language of one country to all countries that embraced Islam. It became a language. religion. As a result, Arabic has become synonymous with religious observation and action in Islam and has become a basic tool for a better understanding of the Quran. A unique feature rarely found in other languages.

Historically, the spread of Arabic was associated with the conquest of Islam. I especially mention the amazing state that the language had at the peak of Moorish domination in Andalusia (now Spain and Portugal). Universities, literature, art, music, and unique Arab architecture flourished when other parts of Europe suffered from medieval decadence and church rule.

The royal family, rulers and elite sent their children to study at an Arabic-speaking university in Andalusia. Scholars such as Ibn Rushd and Al-Khwarizmi are well known throughout Europe and formed the starting point for the Renaissance. Centuries later, things recurred. With the collapse of Andalusian Islamic rule, Arab nations were, of course, victims of the decline of Arabic during the Western colonial era.

As the relationship between conquerors and conquerors reversed, the flow went against Arabic, and the Arabs began to feel the pressure to learn the colonial language.

Aftermath of colonization

Over the past few decades, many Arabs have educated their children in English as a prerequisite for employment and access to technology, as the technology that governs the Arab world’s economy and politics is dominated by Western nations. rice field.

In moderately or densely populated Arab countries such as Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Iraq and Syria, Arabs were able to withstand linguistic challenges relatively. However, the situation is different in less populated countries such as Qatar, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait, where the population accounts for 20% of the total population, the majority of whom are expatriates from different countries around the world. As a result, alarm bells are ringing to warn of the threats facing their native language.

In Qatar, we are always strongly rooted in our Arabic identity and our attribution to the language that embodies the past, present and future.

As a nation and as a nation, we understand the threat posed by this magnificent language. The responsibility that our identity and history bears on our shoulders is the increasing number of universities and schools offering education in foreign languages, especially to meet the inevitable scientific, economic and political expectations. It indicates that you must act to combat the threats your native language faces.

For this reason, Qatar has issued Law No. 7 of 2019. This requires everyone to use Arabic in their daily work transactions and meetings.

The decree is good in principle and its implementation effectively contributes to increasing the presence of Arabic in the community, but it is not fully enforced to achieve the desired goals.

One of the first topics discussed by the Shura Council, which was first elected in Qatar, was the challenge facing Arabic. I was invited to a plenary session on this topic and categorically stated that language should constitute our cultural security. Everyone responded positively to this proposal and received a great deal of public opinion and response in both traditional and digital media. This issue remains the subject of ongoing debate and debate.

Identity preservation

Arabic is not just a tool of communication, it is our past that preserves our identity, our heritage, and the history of our ancestors. It is the language of our faith, without which our religious adherence would be incomplete. It is our future, without which we will stand out as a nation and lose what connects us to the past. And that is our present, without which we cannot be described as a nation.

Arabic has influenced several other languages. In fact, its impact far outweighs many other languages.Many languages ..Written in Arabic script, it contains a myriad of Arabic vocabularies such as Urdu, Persian, and Swahili.There are other languages ..Contains thousands of Arabic words and structures, including Spanish, Portuguese, and Maltese. The more limited influence of Arabic is also found in other Indo-European languages.

The call to preserve vernaculars does not mean that other languages ​​mean other languages ..You shouldn’t learn.It’s true to learn a foreign language ..This is a necessity as there is too much development in all areas and the world is transforming into a global village.Finally, the language ..Organisms that interact, influence, and converge with each other. Such things have been true throughout history, and it should stay that way.

Our deep concern about the replacement or weakening of our native language, especially English, is shared by many other countries. French, German, Spanish, etc. are just as worried and are taking steps to maintain their native language. ..Because it becomes frail and lost.

Since 1973, Arabic, along with English, French, Spanish, Russian and Chinese, has been one of the official languages ​​of the United Nations, requiring its global status and influence, and more effort. Prove the rigor. To save and promote it.

The Arab foreign community living abroad and at risk of losing their native language keeps all these aspects of Arabic in mind and teaches it to children as a commitment to both the past and the future. We need to be more active in maintaining this great word.

Dr. Hamadbin Abdulaziz Alkawari He is the Minister of State with the ranks of Deputy Prime Minister and President of the Qatar National Library.


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